What Is The Law, What Does It Mean?July 2, 2021
Necessary, causal and objective interrelation that determines the development of phenomena. The law expresses the basic relations that determine the natural development of all natural and social phenomena.
It was intuited by the first thoughts that the orderly functioning of nature was subject to certain laws. It was discovered by historical materialism that society, like nature, developed by objective laws. Metaphysical thought regards the orderly functioning of nature as a predetermination and attributes it to some supernatural forces. Religious thought is clearer than metaphysics in this respect, summarizing the various assumptions of metaphysics in the assumption of a single god.
The historical is the legal (natural and social) development of things; The logical is the legal (laws of logic) development of thought. It is a logical dialectical unity with the historical. Logical is theoretically stated historical, historical, concretely manifested logical. Human action, subject to objective laws, carries subjective ends. (Actual truths are objective truths that are the same for all people, people’s truths are subjective truths N.)
The concept of philosophical law is explained by the dialectical and historical materialism doctrine. In all areas of objective reality; There are various laws operating in inorganic nature, organic nature, society, thought. The common features of all these laws are summarized in the concept of philosophical law. Law as a philosophical category; It is the necessary, causal, and objective interrelation between objects, events, and facts of objective reality, and between the various aspects of any of them, which develops them. The law relation is the most fundamental of the various relations of objective reality. It is not an accidental, temporary, specific and external relationship. ‘External relations’ is expressed in the philosophical category of ‘condition’. Conditions are necessary for laws to work, but no condition can develop (i.e., create) objects and phenomena without inner law. p.456
Conditions are necessary for laws to work.
For example, ‘heat’ (external condition) is required for the formation of a chick inside an egg; but heat cannot chick a stone without a biological process (internal law) in it.
Every law is in a certain sense universal; in other words, it applies to a certain class, phenomenon or event, not just a part of it. That’s why there are no exceptions to the law. (the law does not favor people N.)
For example, Archimedes’ law, which reveals the relationship between the capacity of an object and its resistance, is valid for every object placed in a liquid. There is no object in the universe that is put into a liquid and falls outside the validity of this law. This is why Engels says that “law is the form of universality in nature”. Since objects, facts and events exist objectively (independently of human consciousness, will and will), the laws that are their internal relations are also objective.
Laws are not created or destroyed by people. However, people can dominate these laws by acquiring knowledge of these laws, by preparing or destroying the external conditions necessary for their operation; in other words, they can narrow and expand their functioning, slow down and speed up. For example, airplanes were able to soar into the sky by knowing the law of gravity and overcoming weight. The history of all sciences is the history of man’s rule of law. However, this sovereignty is a sovereignty that can only be realized in line with the operation of the laws. Otherwise, people will never be able to divert the operation of the law from its direction, or reverse it. All natural, social and conscious processes are ‘irreversible’. By destroying the external conditions necessary for the law to work, the law is never destroyed; however, its operation will be delayed, the laws will eventually find the necessary conditions for their operation and will pave the way for the operating directions.
For example, people have not deflected the law of gravity, reversed it, or eliminated it by taking an airplane weighing tons into the sky. On the contrary, by knowing and recognizing the law of gravity, they destroy the weight of the plane and thus, in other words, in accordance with the law of gravity and in line with this law, they can send it into space. Like all natural, social and conscious processes, the irreversibility of laws also expresses the continuity and universality of development. Laws always work in the direction of development, being relations that determine the development of facts and events. The fact that development cannot be diverted or reversed has been proved by all natural and human history. A person who has reached the age of twentieth can never return to the age of nineteen. A butterfly that has come out of its cocoon can never enter its cocoon again. Trying to turn the wheels of history back is futile and doomed to utter defeat. Controlling objective laws is possible not only by knowing them, but by establishing objective relations suitable for them.
Philosophy classifies laws into three clusters:
1. ‘Special laws’ that apply to a single or a small number of cases
2. A lot