What is the patristic period? Patristic PhilosophyJune 28, 2021
The patristic period is the name given to early Christian philosophy from the 2nd century BC to the 8th century BC. This period is called the Patristic Period.
The Christian philosophers of this period were also religious men. Tertullian, Cellemens, and Augustine are the leading ones and are also called the “Church Fathers”. In the Patristic Period, which took its name from this naming, the way of explaining religion with the mind, especially followed by Augustine, became the basic teaching of faith.
We can accept patristic philosophy as an initial period for the preparation of medieval philosophy. This period dates from the time of Jesus, in 430 to St. Augustine’s death can be determined as the period. This includes the further development of Christian dogmatism, which lasted until the Council of Trullo in 692.
Patristic philosophy constitutes a phase for medieval philosophy. The patristic period will result in the fusion of early Christianity with Hellenistic philosophy. This is more theology than a philosophy. The largest representative of the period, St. Augustine. st. Augustine is perhaps the only person of this period to have received the title of philosopher. In this section, we will only outline the Patristic Age.
Patristic Period, M.S. 2nd century to MS. 8th century Christian philosophy.
It differs greatly in genre from the early Christian community. However, it can be roughly classified as gentile (gentile) and Jewish religious. In the first period, an obscure form of Christianity was experienced, consisting of these two sources. This is called Hellenistic Christianity.
Building, St. It is laid out by Paul. The new religion, in terms of form, goes beyond dogmas and attempts to identify the common senses of people. During this period, pagan and Jewish teachings were active in the ancient world.
st. In Paul’s writings, especially in the Letters to the Hebrews, two features of patristic philosophy can be distinguished. First, the glorification of the person of Jesus Christ, the recognition of him as God’s only Son; secondly, the interpretation of Jesus in terms of philosophical concepts rather than his dominance in the Hellenistic world.
What is Nicea Council?
The Christian concept of the nature of the personality of Jesus Christ took no definite form until it was mixed with philosophical design. st. As expressed in Paul’s writings, within Jesus is the unity of human and God natures.
This is the seed of the later Trinity teaching. Beyond that, Paul’s teaching is a formulation that has already been discussed at the Council of Nicea and is finally accepted.
The doctrine of the Trinity was based on the entire theology of Western Christianity and was not given a complementary form until the Council of Nicea in 325. There is a period of participating in religious discussions using the philosophical terminology in the Hellenic world.
This terminology is widely used in Plato and Christian philosophy in the Ante-Nicene (Pre-Nicene) period. These terms are also used in the Neoplatonic tradition introduced by Philo.
There are Stoic and Aristotelian elements in early Christian thought, but Neoplatonist elements are dominant. Indeed, the Christian philosophy of this period contains elements of Hellenic philosophy. This is true of most pre-Nicene philosophy.
The First Council of Nicaea was convened by Emperor Constantine I in 325 AD to clarify some of the issues discussed in Christianity, which would become the official religion in the Roman Empire.
The Council of Nicaea (325) moves away from Neoplatonism and creates formulas for the Christian concept of Jesus Christ as the Son of God. In this understanding, Jesus is perceived as a secondary god. It is perceived between a transcendent God and the world of sensation.
The fourth century is a turbulent period. Imperial political life and the doctrinal life of the new Church are intertwined. At the end of the century, the outlook began to change.
In 395, when Theodosius died, the Roman Empire was under an effective and powerful administration. Then, with the accession of his two sons, Honorius and Arcadius, the East and West division emerged. The development of medieval Christian philosophy is observed in the West.
Theodosius outlawed the Christian religion in 392, three years before his death. The Orthodox sect of this religion will make great efforts to keep their religion alive. In the complex fifth century, this religion began to regulate the wealthy Greco-Roman legacy of the Western empire and became a force against the classical tradition.
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Omer YILDIRIM’s Personal Lecture Notes. Atatürk University Sociology Department 1st Year “Introduction to Philosophy” and 2nd, 3rd, 4th Grade “History of Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook, MEB Philosophy Textbook, “Journey to Philosophy” Frank Thilly