What is the Subject of Philosophy of Information?June 28, 2021
We can say that philosophy first emerged as a “natural philosophy” with the famous philosopher Thales, in the city of Miletus, south of Izmir, in the Mediterranean cultural environment.
Its origin is approximately the 7th century BC. Thales wondered what the basic element that made up nature was, and researched it. This philosophy, which emerged from the effort to comprehend nature and its formation, was first called “first philosophy”, then “natural philosophy” and “metaphysics”.
This means that the first Shar has turned to nature and tried to understand nature. Until the end of the Middle Ages, this was the main area of research in general.
In the 17th century, with the monk of Columbus, the Renaissance, the Reformation, and the birth of a new understanding of science, philosophy entered a period called “information theory turn”. Prominent philosophers began to argue that before we could make a claim about being, we should ask some other questions. For example: “What can human beings know?, “What is knowledge?, “What does it mean to know something?”, “Are there limits to human knowledge?” etc.
As a result of this, the philosophy of knowledge (epistemology) was born, which investigates what knowledge is, how and in what ways it is obtained. Epistemology is a word derived from the Greek words “episteme” meaning “true knowledge, systematic knowledge, verifiable knowledge” and “logos” meaning mental explanation. The main founders of epistemology are the French philosopher Descartes (Descartes, 1596-1650), the English philosopher John Locke (Con Lok, 1724-1804) and the German philosopher Immanuel Kant (Immanuel Kant, 1632-1704).
Compiled by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Atatürk University Department of Sociology Lecture Notes for Grade 1 “Introduction to Philosophy” and Grade 3 “History of Contemporary Philosophy” (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook