What is the Tropos Doctrine?July 2, 2021
Ten arguments put forward to prove the impossibility of objective knowledge. As seen in the title, it is mostly expressed in Western languages with the term postponement of the judgment. It was Ainesidemus who multiplied and formulated ten of these proofs in ancient Greek skepticism.
Ainesidemos of Crete (who lived in the 1st century BC), characterized by the names of post-academic skepticism, new skepticism, sensuous skepticism and new Pyronism, has a personality all on its own with the tropos doctrine. According to Ainesidemos, there are ten proofs on which skepticism can be based to avoid judgment, which justifies any doubt and avoidance of judgment:
1. The structure of hearing creatures is different from each other, the same thing appears to various animals in various forms and proportions.
2. The human structure is also different from each other, the fact that each person has different senses and thoughts proves this.
3. The sense organs of the same person are also different from each other, and it can give a disgusting odor to the nose that is pleasing to the eye.
4. The various situations and conditions of the hearer are also different from each other; objects appear to us different in youth than in old age.
5. Education also differentiates the people who hear, the knowledgeable and the ignorant do not see the same object in the same way.
6. The situation and conditions of the objects also differentiate them, we think that a ship sailing far away is at rest.
7. The quantity and quality of the objects also differentiate them from themselves. The whole carob is black, but the parts separated from it flow.
8. Certain qualities of objects are relative, they appear different from the right and other than the left.
9. The foreign elements that interfere with the sensations also differentiate them, objects feel lighter when they are in water than in the air.
10. Habits also differentiate things, we ignore the sun that appears every day, but we are horrified by a smaller comet that appears every forty years.
BUSINESS. II. The skeptical Agrippa, who lived in the century, reduced the tropos of Ainesidemus from ten to five, and the skeptical Menodotus, who lived in the same century as Agrippa, reduced to two. Hegel says in his Lectures on the History of Philosophy: “All fropos exist”, but the truth is not just this dry exist, it is a formation. All fropos are empirical (empirical), not conceptual. These are trivial things. but they are well spoken against the dogmatism of understanding”.
The great mistake of the Tropos teaching is that it has fallen into a new hypocrisy by absolutizing the relative side of knowledge, even though it opposes hypocrisy. In Rosenthal and Yudin’s Dictionary of Materialist Philosophy, they say: “The falsity of trops is seen here; to confirm the relativity of knowing objects, it is necessary to have some idea of these autonomously and independently existing objects; If he does not know what they are, he cannot prove the relativity of knowing objects, nor can he know that they exist.