What is the Universal, What Does It Mean?July 2, 2021
Universal means belonging to the whole. It is also synonymous with “general” and “universal”.
universal; It is one of the most important concepts of philosophy, together with the singular, which expresses what belongs to the individual, and the particular, which expresses what belongs to the few. All three concepts (Universal, Singular, Particular) reflect the objective relations existing in the world outside us.
These are interdependent concepts that can transform into each other. All that exists in the external world are objects conceived as singular. Objects differ from each other because they are singular. But in every singular there are commonalities that are also found in other singulars. If these common aspects are found in all objects, we call it universal, if not in all objects and in some objects, we call it particular.
Understanding the fundamental relations in objective reality depends on the dialectical knowledge of these concepts. The singular and the universal, and the universal and the particular, presuppose each other’s existence, and one cannot exist without the other.
In idealist philosophy, these concepts have been opposed and contrasted with each other by denying their objective reality. The result of this contrast is seen in the understanding of nomenclature and in the discussions of conceptualism.
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer Yıldırım