What is the Universals Debate?

What is the Universals Debate?

June 26, 2021 Off By Felso

Anselmus appears as a realist philosopher within the framework of the discussion of universals.

The discussion of universals is a bundle of problems that reached its peak especially in the 11th and 12th centuries. The real source of the problem is Porphyrios’ work called Isagoge. In this work, Porphyrios questions the situation of species and genera, which are called universal (katholou) and which Aristotle called secondary substance.

Among the various interpretations of Isagoge, which includes questions such as whether the universal exists, where it is located, whether it is material, Boethius has made the most effective one. So the two most important sources in the discussion of universals are Porphyrios and Boethius. According to the different answers given to the questions just mentioned, philosophers, especially in the twelfth century, basically came face to face with realists (reales) and nominalists (nominales).

That’s why he wasn’t just interested in thought content, as some think; but it also focused on the relevance of these contents to things. Anselmus, who said that there should be a direct relationship between the contents of thoughts and things, stated that otherwise, mistakes can easily be made in judgments concerning the physical world (Maurer, 1982: 54).

Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Omer YILDIRIM’s Personal Lecture Notes. Atatürk University Sociology Department 1st Year “Introduction to Philosophy” and 2nd, 3rd, 4th Grade “History of Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook