What is Third Philosophy and What Does It Mean?July 2, 2021
Teachings that are neither materialistic nor thoughtful, and that they follow a different path between them. There are two main aspects in philosophy: materialism (Materialism) and thoughtfulness (Idealism). All philosophies necessarily adhere to one of these two currents. However, apart from these two main currents, philosophical teachings have also emerged, which imagined and assumed that they followed a third path and opposed both. These are called the third philosophy. The dreams and assumptions of these third way teachings are unrealistic, for even the most superficial examination will immediately reveal the adherence of these third way teachings to one of the two main currents.
The French thinker Louis Athusser said in a speech he gave in 1968 to the French Philosophical Society: “These are nothing but nonsense, professorial buzz, whose sole purpose is to mask the real subject of the debate to which all philosophy is devoted (the fundamental battle between materialism and idealism). In the field of philosophy, as in politics, there is no room for the third way, the middle journey, the position of managing both sides. Basically, there are only idealists and materialists. all those who do not dare to openly call themselves one of them are shy materialists or idealists.”
The third philosophical teachings, although presented under various names, are the teachings that have the common quality of agnosticism (anosticism). The Scottish thinker David Hume (1711-1776) and German Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) were among those who opened this third way. Later, the French thinker Auguste Comte (1798-1857) joined with his positivism (positivism), the Danish thinker Soeren Kirkegaard (1815-1855) and his followers with their existentialism (existentialism), and the American thinker William James (1842-1910) with their pragmatism (pragmatism). According to philosophy, only appearance can be known, reality can never be known.