What is time?July 2, 2021
Time can be defined as the infinite duration in which all beings are chained, replacing each other. Time expresses the main form of existence of matter, tightly dependent on the concept of space, which expresses the unlimited space that contains all beings.
The Ancient Greeks called Time ‘khronos’, and the Latins ‘tempus’.
The main forms of existence of matter are time, space and motion. Without one of these, the others would not exist, as the physicist Albert Einstein demonstrated in his general and special theories of relativity. This is what is meant when it is said that these four concepts are closely interdependent.
In reality, time-space-motion; They are philosophical categories that express the existence forms of matter as concepts. Aristotle sensed this scientific fact centuries ago by saying that where there is no matter (Aristotle called matter a body), time and space do not exist either.
Idealists, especially Leibniz and Kant, argue that time does not actually exist, but is merely a design of human consciousness. Contemporary idealists, for example Bergson, repeat these assumptions by saying that “man does not live in time, but time lives in man”.
However, it was revealed by the astronomer Olaf Römer back in 1675 that, for example, it takes a while for the light, which is independent of humans, to propagate in space. Later, Isaac Newton proved that there is a time and space in nature independent of human consciousness.
One of the great masters of material dialectics says:
“If the idealist claim that time and space is the product of human consciousness were true, how could one explain the phenomenon that science has certainly proved: The Earth existed before man, in time and space, and has existed for billions of years. Man has only appeared for tens of thousands of years. How, then, can it be said that time and space are products of human consciousness?
This fact can be denied even in our century.
Newton regarded time and space as independent of matter as well as independent of man and, in this sense, absolute. Absolute time (Os. Absolute time) and hexadecimal space (Os. Absolute space) concepts were put forward by Newton. Although Newton refrained from putting forward a scientific assumption on the subject by saying, “I don’t make assumptions (La. Hypothesis non fingo),” because he was a religious man, he did not hesitate to put forward theological assumptions.
For example, in the seven-page “General explanation” that he added to the end of his Principia, he explained the metaphysical consequences of his physical findings in the words of a theologian:
“This harmonious array of sun, planets, and comets must arise from the command of a supreme being who is omnipotent and omniscient. God is present at all times and in every space. As such, he created time and space.”
As it is seen, there is no difference between the idealist thinker considering time and space as the product of man and the idealist scientist considering it as the product of God.
Later, Albert Einstein proved that time and space are not absolute at all, as Newton thought, but rather relative (i.e., relative).
Idealists also took advantage of Einstein’s invention and tried to deflect the concept of relativity and use it for their own purposes (See Relativism). (Relativistic Thinking) However, Einstein’s theories are too clear and scientific to leave room for idealistic nonsense.
According to Einstein’s theories, as the speed of an object increases, its length becomes shorter and its time slows down (This is not an illusion, but an objective fact that can be measured mathematically). But this relativity shows that time and space do not exist objectively (that is, outside of human consciousness), as idealists assume, but on the contrary.
The universe, in Einstein’s words, is a four-dimensional time-space continuum. For example, the fact that an airplane is at x latitude, y longitude and z height means nothing to the air trafficker unless the time dimension is also known. The time-space continuum is not visible and tangible, but it is visible and tangible in scientific findings that are the result of mathematical calculations.
With these scientific findings, man was able to set foot on the moon and return to his world. If the time-space continuum were not objective, these calculations would not be possible and space travel would not be possible. Because no product of thought that is not objective (not reflected from objective reality) can be the subject of physics, in other words, it cannot be applied in the physical field.
The fact that a clock driven to the sun runs a little slower than on earth proves that time does not exist objectively, but on the contrary, that each coordinate system has its own objective time. You don’t need to go all the way to the sun to realize this.
The same flower grows faster in a well-kept pot than in the country; so pot time is different from country time. The objective properties of all material objects to occupy a certain place and to be in a certain place relative to other objects constitute the philosophical category of space.
All material processes follow one another.