What Is Transformationism, What Does It Mean?July 1, 2021
Until the nineteenth century, the general idea of formation was in favor of creationism and determination, it was believed that species remained the way they were created and will remain so.
First, in the 18th century, thinkers such as Diderot, Robinet, and Charles de Bonnet put forward the idea of ’transformationism’. The ‘change-stagnation’ debate that has been going on since Heraclitus, the greatest thinker of the Ancient Greeks, thus took a big step towards ‘change’. In the 19th century, Lamarck theorized with his evolutionist theory that species came into existence through interchange.
In this theory, Lamarck argued that the phenomenon of diversity arises from ‘environmental’ differences, environmental conditions change and diversify species. Later, the English scholar Darwin added the phenomenon of ‘selection’ to Lamarck’s ‘environment’. Thus, it was also explained how some species had disappeared. Moreover, the ‘development’ of the species, relative to the older species, became more and more brightened by natural selection. At the beginning of the twentieth century, the theory of ‘variance’, which asserts that species change suddenly and in leaps, was added to this idea.
Although the term transformationalism is used synonymously with the term evolutionism, in reality the first form of the theory makes the mistake of denying continuous progress. In particular, the argument put forward by Robinet and Charles de Bonnet expresses ‘a change (transformation) without progress and development’. Charles de Bonnet, for example, says: “God has not worked many times to bring about his work. Everything that ever existed, is, and will exist in this universe has come about by a single, omnipotent act of God.
In other words, the seed of everything that exists today and will exist in the future is in the essence of the first created things in power. All beings have come into being from these seeds through transformations. However, this transformation does not reach the best. Because the distance between the finite and the infinite is also infinite.” As it can be seen, Bonnet leaves the development to infinity and attributes only the possibility of transformation to the finite.