What Is Truth, What Does It Mean?July 1, 2021
The reflection of objective truth in thought is called truth. Truth and truth are not the same thing. Truth expresses objective existence, and truth expresses the subjective reflection of this objective existence in our minds. For example, a pen we hold in our hands is the truth, and its reflection in our minds is the truth. Truth is not the truth itself, but its reflection and expresses the correspondence between thought and its object. Truth and truth are interdependent but not the same thing. Truth expresses the rules of logic, truth expresses objective reality. As truth requires conformity to objective reality, it also expresses conformity to certain relations of objective reality, in other words, logical conformity.
The concept of truth is very important in the field of philosophy and is the main subject of the fight between materialism and idealism. Especially idealist teachings have given it various meanings contrary to reason. It is dialectical materialist philosophy that best explains the concept of truth. We see a tree in our garden, this is objective reality; This tree is reflected in our consciousness, it is truth to the extent that it reflects correctly in accordance with the tree in our garden. However, this mirror is not entirely appropriate. It is approximate and therefore relative. But we cannot shape this tree in our minds according to our will, and we reflect it more or less in its natural form, even if it is not exactly the same, so there is an objective side in our subjective truth. We say subjective because our truth is reflected in something that is actually objective.
Truths are relative, every relative truth is a part of absolute truth. Let’s say when we look at a tree from afar, we see it as a long stick at first, as we get closer, its branches and fruits appear, we cut the tree to reach deeper knowledge, look inside, and see how it takes root. Here, in the process of knowledge, we approach the absolute truth step by step with these relative truths. Absolute truth is the sum of relative truths. Our truths are relative, but there is an absolute truth. Absolute truth means knowledge that will always be developed, strengthened with new knowledge, but will always remain true.