What is Will to Power (Will to Power) and What Does It Mean?June 27, 2021
In Nietzsche, when the will to power and the birth of the doctrine are analyzed in parallel with Nietzsche’s life, it is always present from the beginning.
Nietzsche’s will to power is related to creativity. According to Nietzsche, “a tremendous power within humanity seeks to discharge and create itself.” Accordingly, every living thing, including humanity, lives and perish for the sake of power. The only way of power is through creation. A creativity that creates value, destroys value and knows how to die on time!
Nietzsche says: “Where I was a living being, there I saw the will to power. Even in the will of the servant, I observed the will to be the master.”
With this intellectual structure, Nietzsche “yes” and approves the distinction between slave and master. The hierarchy among living things is revealed by the concepts of “species” and “genus”, especially in Nietzsche.
In man, who is the “continuing experiment of life”; The feeling of power and power instinctively compels people to take action. If the will is not satisfied, according to Nietzsche, one gets pleasure; because Nietzsche sees pleasure as a condition arising from dissatisfaction of the will.
“It is not the satisfaction of the will that is the cause of pleasure. On the contrary, the will wants to go forward and tries to overcome everything that hinders it. The feeling of pleasure arises simply from the dissatisfaction of the will. It is its inability to achieve sufficient satisfaction without rivals and resistance.”
Nietzsche not only attempts to give the source of the feeling that guides actions in life as the will to power. For Nietzsche, everything is the final embodiment of the will to power. With the undeniable suppression of the will to power, man must live for power, not for life or happiness.
He despises those who define the purpose in life as happiness and pleasure and calls it “rabble”.
At the end of his work, which was published after his death as Will to Power-Will to Power, he says: “… The most secret! The strongest! The most fearless! The most seminightly ones! Do you want a light? This world is the will to power. It is nothing but this. Your will to power. You are nothing but that!”
This concept, which is defined in Nietzsche as the most basic will of life, inherited Nietzsche from Schopenhauer. The entire universe, including man, is governed by a “single will”!
The Will to Power, according to Nietzsche, is the most fundamental will in all kinds of motion of the universe, and it covers all the details of the micro and macro cosmos. All changes and transformations are the disguised form of this will. It is possible to capture the traces of this will in every detail.
Nietzsche says at the end of his work titled The Will to Power: “…This world is a beast of power, which has no beginning and no end. It is a fixed sum of size, power magnitude, made of steel. It neither gets bigger nor smaller. It does not consume itself. On the contrary it only changes; but as a whole it is invariably great.”
Nietzsche’s commentary on the world is the famous commentary at the end of his main work, The Will to Power. Some commentators think that this strong interpretation should be taken as the basis of Nietzsche’s philosophy and that his philosophy should be analyzed in this way.
The idea that any change never decreases or increases in the will, which is fundamental, reminds us of the law that the matter-energy transformation always remains the same. For this reason, the transformation of matter and energy into each other as a whole without decreasing can be interpreted as the size of the will to power in a general sense. Therefore, according to Nietzsche, any formation and change is an expression of the will to power.
According to Nietzsche, all the strife, conflict, struggle and change in the living world is on the basis of this will. Nietzsche expresses this in these words: “Wherever I have found a living thing, there I have seen the will to power. Even in the will of the servant, I observed the will to be the master…”
All living things are the expression of this basic will, creating a situation different from what Darwin claimed; because the basic will of life, according to Nietzsche, is not to “survive” but to have power. In particular, it is possible to find the roots of this will in ancient Greece. The reason for the development of this idea already depends on Nietzsche’s detailed study of pre-Socratic Greek philosophy and his admiration for pre-Socratic Greek philosophy.
According to Nietzsche, there is a power hierarchy among people. This hierarchy is based on demanding power. Therefore, the less powerful serve the powerful; but the purpose of this service is to become stronger. Nietzsche explains this situation as follows: “The weaker should serve the stronger, so his will persuades him so that the weaker can rule over him. Only this can not give up that pleasure. Just as the smaller gives himself to the larger, so that he may derive pleasure and power from the smallest, just as the greatest gives himself for the sake of power, using his life for it. This is the surrender of the greatest, his giving, his rolling the dice for death with risks and dangers.”
Nietzsche’s understanding of the will to power