Who is Abauzit Firmin?December 13, 2020
French theologian, philosopher.
He defended freedom of thought against the Church’s attempt to dominate its beliefs. He was born in Uzes and died in Geneva, where he later took refuge. Because of her coming from a Protestant family, she was kidnapped by Catholics, locked up in a monastery, and not allowed to see anyone for a while. It was wanted to be raised in an education that was against Protestant beliefs. After being rescued by his mother’s efforts upon the repeal of the Nant Edict, he took refuge in Geneva. He started working on Greek philosophy, theology and natural sciences for a long time. Due to the successful results of his studies, he gained great fame in a short time, (he was among the most popular scholars of his age. He went to Germany for a while, then to England, continued his scientific studies.
King III. It caught William’s attention. Although the king wanted to assign him to his side, Abauzit returned to Geneva, claiming that he would begin new studies. He continued his duty in the State Library for fifty years until his death. Abauzit, who preferred to live in humility despite his deep and extensive knowledge, drew Newton’s attention for his successful work. Newton informed him of his place and importance in the history of science in a letter he wrote to him.
Abauzit entered philosophy with natural sciences. He argued that there was a link between philosophy and the natural sciences; he argued that philosophy should be based on science. He explored the development line of philosophy, the main sources of European thought, with his studies on Greek and Roman civilizations. He translated the Bible into a folk language, claiming that he should learn the religion and beliefs of the people from his own language.
According to Abauzit, philosophy is the product of free thought; It is aimed at understanding the person, the universe and all the objects gathered under the concept of existence. The intervention of the church in free thought and imposing certain restrictions is against human essence and divine laws. Religion should not interfere with the work of the empirical sciences on which philosophy is based, and should not go outside of its field. It is not possible to understand natural beings, the whole called nature, excluding the data of experimental sciences. If a source of ideas is production based on concepts, one source is data provided by senses. Therefore, there are two kinds of information, one coming from experiment and the other coming from the production of thinking ability. Reason is the skill that directs a person, regulates his behavior, creates the rules of thinking, it does not come from experimentation.
Logic, including the general rules of thinking, is a science that works according to the principles of reason. As in the age of abausite, its effect continued in the following periods. Especially, Rousseau, who adopted his views on freedom of thought, reconsidered them and worked according to the understanding of his age. Intellectuals such as Bayle, Voltaire, Saint Euremond were also inspired by Abauzit. Abauzıt’s writings were collected in two books after his death.
– Oeuvres de fen M. Abauzit, 1770; (“Works of the Deceased Abauzit”)
– Oeuvres Diverses de M. Abauzit, 1773, (“Various Works of Abauzite”)
1) Encyclopedia of Turkish and World Famous People
2) Encyclopedia of Philosophers (Cemil Sena)