Who is Abdullatif Bagdadi?December 13, 2020
Abdüllâtif Bağdâdi (Muvaffak-Üd-din Abdüllâtif) is believed to have died in 1231.
He is one of the philosophers who are regarded as independent in Islamic philosophy, do not rely on a particular trend or have not set himself a certain trend. He learned philosophy from the works of philosophers such as Ibn-i Sina and Ghazali, then criticized them by taking a critical attitude towards them. He also got into arguments with the important philosophers of his time, he explained Farabi’s logic books.
Although Abdüllâtif Bağdâdi was not a philosopher who had a profound influence on Islamic philosophy and who put forward a certain trend, he played an important role in criticizing existing philosophies and revealing their weaknesses. There were criticisms of Suhraverdi and Maimonides. The philosopher he was most close to was Farabi. For this reason, in a certain sense, he is considered a skeptical critic, not a philosopher. In philosophy, it is said that he has an unstable personality that combines various orientations and that what makes him important is his strong critical ability. Abdüllâtif Bağdâdi is a skeptical critic, but he was not bound by the tendencies that appeared as skeptical in Islamic philosophy. As a matter of fact, various kinds of skepticism are seen in different schools of Islamic philosophy, even certain philosophers showed skeptical tendencies at certain times; Abdüllâtif Bağdâdi as an independent and skeptical thinker also takes his place in these orientations.
Source: Atatürk University Department of Sociology 1st Year “Introduction to Philosophy” and 3rd Year “History of Contemporary Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Philosophy Dictionary, Science and Art Publications