Who is Abu Bakr Razi?

Who is Abu Bakr Razi?

June 25, 2021 Off By Felso

Abu Bakr Razi Abu Bakr Muhammad Bin Zekeriya, known as KEbû Bekir Razi, was born in 864 in the city of Rey, Iran. In his youth he was interested in music, mathematics, astronomy, chemistry, philosophy and medicine. As a result of his interest in medicine, he turned to medical education.

Ebû Bekir Râzî, who came to the forefront with his reputation and hard work among the people during his medicine, assumed the duty of chief physician of the Rey city hospital. During this period, as a result of his studies on both the practice of medicine and medical education, he was appointed as the chief physician of Baghdad Hospital, one of the most famous hospitals of the period, and spent most of his life in this city. Razi, who returned to Rey towards the end of his life, died in this city in 930.

Abu Bakr Razi’s most famous work is “El Havi (Liber Continens)”, most of which is on medicine. This work is the largest medical encyclopedia of its time on the diagnosis and treatment of diseases. Important medical information of ancient Greek and Islamic medicine and Abu Bakr Razi’s own studies are compiled in this work.

El Razi’s most important work is his treatise on smallpox and chickenpox. In his work “Liber de Pestilentia”, he described both diseases in detail and made the differential diagnosis of these two diseases. Al Razi’s works were translated into many foreign languages ​​and were taught in many medical faculties until the 18th century. He was honored by the World Health Organization (WHO) in 1970 for his original work on smallpox and chickenpox.

* “It is easy for doctors to decide if Galen and Aristotle are in agreement on any issue, but it is difficult to reach consensus if they think differently. “Right” in medicine is an unattainable goal. The experience of a good physician is far more important than anything in the books.”

In the history of Islamic thought, Abu Bakr Muhammad b. Zekeriyya er-Razi was born in the city of Rey, near Tehran, in 865. Westerners call him Rhazes. It is known that he was interested in literature and music in his youth and earned his living by making jewellery. Jewelery made him interested in chemistry, his experiments made his eyes hurt, and this ailment led him to medicine. His important contributions to the science of medicine earned him the title of “Galen of the Arabs”. One of his important contributions to the history of medicine is that he used chemistry in the service of medicine for the first time. Razi, who carried out his experiments on monkeys, strongly opposed the use of patients as subjects. Râzî, who gave works on all the sciences of his age, especially medicine and philosophy, has been translated into Latin, especially in the fields of chemistry and medicine. Some of the more than 200 works he wrote that have survived are as follows: Mental Health (et-Tıbbü’r-rûhânî), Living Philosophically (es-Sîretü’l-felsefiyye), İkbal and Signs of Reaching the State (Makâle fî emârâti’ikbâl ve’ d-devle), Medical Ethics (Ahlaku’ttabîb), al-Câmi’u’l-kebir.

Razi’s understanding of existence

The problem of the relationship between the “one, unchanging, eternal” being and the “many, changing and later” being, Razi tries to explain with a system he calls the five eternal principles (al-kudemâû’l-hamse). The basic elements of the system are determined as Creator (al-bari), nafs (universal soul), heyûlâ (formless first matter), hala (void, absolute space) and dehr (absolute time). Although each of these is eternal, according to the philosopher, who distinguishes between them in degree and nature, the creator and the soul are active, the ghost is passive, and still and dehr are neither active nor passive. According to Razi, although God, the creative principle, created the world without any necessity, the determination of the moment of creation necessitated the existence of another eternal principle, which is the universal soul. The universal soul, which, like God, was an active principle, but could only know what it could experience, was in a desire and eagerness to activate the third eternal principle, the specter, to bring about the world. However, her failure to succeed in the relationship she wanted to establish led to chaos; With the help of God, who takes pity on this state of the soul, the ghost took shape and the world came into existence. According to Razi, it is inevitable to have a passive principle in addition to two active principles for the creation of the world; because it is unthinkable that creation comes from nothing and nothing. Therefore, as an eternal and passive principle on which creation is directed, there must be phantom, that is, absolute matter. As the fourth principle, Razi speaks of absolute space. Since majesty, which is an eternal and passive principle, also has a volume, it must be accepted that it is located in a space. In this respect, Razi speaks of two separate spaces, one universal-absolute and the other partial-relativistic (relative). The fifth principle, which Razi considers to be eternal, expressed in terms of dehr, sermed and duration, is the eternal-limitless time that surrounds the eternal. he is mech