Who is Alain Badiou?December 1, 2020
Leading French left-wing thinker, École Normale Supérieure is the former head of the Philosophy department at ENS.
Badiou also received formal training to become a philosopher at ENS, where he was a student between 1956 and 1961, when he took a course at the Sorbonne. He has always had a lively and constant interest in mathematics. He was active in the political field at a very young age, he was one of the founders of the United Socialist Party (PSU), an extension of the SFIO Socialist Party. The PSU was particularly actively struggling to liberate Algeria from being a colony.
He wrote his first novel, Almagestes, in 1964. In 1967, he joined a working group created by Louis Althusser, which was growing rapidly under Jacques Lacan’s influence. In May 1968, student uprisings caused Badiou to move to the extreme left and joined extremist communist and Maoist groups such as UCFML. In 1969 he entered the 8th University of Paris faculty (Vincennes-Saint Denis), the stronghold of counter-cultural thought.
Here he had heated intellectual debates with professors Gilles Deleuze and Jean-François Lyotard, whose philosophical studies were seen as unhealthy deviations from the Althusserian “scientific” program of Marxism. In the 1980s, when both Althusserian Marxism and Lacanian psychoanalysis fell into a decline (with Lacan’s death and Althusser’s hospitalization), Badiou, Théorie du sujet (1982) and his greatest work, Being and Event (1988). published more technical and abstract philosophical works. However, Badiou never let go of Althusser or Lacan and his sympathetic appeal to Marxism and psychoanalysis, which he also used in his recent works. He took his current position at ENS in 1999.
He also works in many other institutions; Like the Collège International de Philosophie (International School of Philosophy). He is now a member of the “L’Organisation Politique”, which he founded in 1985 with some of Maoist UCFML comrades. At the same time, as a theater writer, Badiou has achieved great success with plays he wrote such as Ahmed le Subtil. Over the past decade, an increasing number of his works have been translated into English such as Deleuze, Manifesto for Philosophy, Metapolitics, and Being and Event.
Short texts from Badiou are published in magazines such as New Left Review and Cabinet Magazine.
realizes the reuse of many ideas in the philosophy of Badiou. One of his aims is to show that these categories of truth are useful for any critique of philosophy. Therefore, he uses them for ontology and scientific discoveries as well as art and history.
According to Badiou, philosophy can be done in four situations (Art, Love, Politics, and Science) that he regards as real procedures for producing philosophical truths. In his work, Badiou constantly states that philosophy should refrain from imposing its truth on any of these discourses, which he describes as a philosophical “disease”. Badiou often sought to find “junction points” or exceptional sites of connection between facts produced by different discourses. It should be kept in mind that Badiou’s reality procedure content does not imply the denial of external reality. Badiou, following Lacan, ‘truth’,It uses the volume of the being that can be taught in such a way as to re-influence those who will act within the framework of reality procedures, only to design reality that cannot be symbolized. Thus, when a truth procedure is needed to arrive at truth, ‘truth’ also functions as an outer limit to their possibility of producing truth.
In “The Handbook of Inaesthetics”, Badiou coined the phrase ‘inesthetics’ to refer to the content of artistic creativity that denies the ‘reflection / object relationship’. In an attempt to react to the idea of Mimesis or the ‘poetic reflection of the’ tabiat, Badiou claims that art is’ original ‘and’ unique. With the sense of reality presented in the mediation of a work of art, it is immanent and unique, with the sense of reality found only in art and art. His view of the link between philosophy and art depends on the motif of pedagogy, in which he claims functions as “the forms of knowledge are arranged in them in such a way that some truth can make a hole.” These are the prose of Samuel Beckett,He develops with examples of poems by Stephane Mallarme and Fernando Pessoa (who, according to him, claim to have created works that philosophy has yet to penetrate) and the works of others.
Works in Turkish
– Endless Thought Metis Publications, April 2006, 2. Paste
– Ethics: An Essay on the Perception of Evil Metis Publications, March 2004, 2. Paste – Manifesto for Philosophy December Publications, November 2005, 2. Paste