Who is Alan Turing?December 13, 2020
Alan Mathison Turing is an English mathematician, computer scientist and cryptologist who lived between June 23, 1912 and June 7, 1954. He is considered the founder of computer science.
With the Turing test he developed, he put forward a criterion for whether machines and computers will have the ability to think.
Alan Mathison Turing was born on June 23, 1912 in London, the capital of England. His father, Julius Mathison Turing, was a civil servant of the British colony in the town of Chatrapur in Orissa, India. While her mother Sara was here, she became pregnant with Alan Turing. Since they wanted Turing to be born in England, they came to London and started living in a house in Maide Vale.
He started St Michaels school at the age of 6. In 1926 he enrolled in Sherborne School, an expensive private school in Dorse. During this period, he formed a friendship and love affair with Christopher Morcom, an upper class student. When Morcom died of tuberculosis, Turing’s religious belief was destroyed and he became an atheist. He studied at Cambridge Kings College between 1931-1934. In 1395, as soon as he received his diploma, he was elected an academic member of Kings College.
He finished his thesis in June 1938 and received the title of Doctor of Philosophy. He worked part-time in the British cipher code cracking organization at the Government Code and Cipher School (GCCS). On September 4, 1939, England’s II. After entering World War II, Alan Turing was assigned to Bletchley Park for military service. Here, Turing, who headed the department responsible for reading German naval encrypted communication, designed an electromagnetic machine to help break Enigma fast.
He was considered a war hero because he played a very important role in cracking German passwords during the Second World War. In addition, during the years he worked at Manchester University, he laid the conceptual foundation of modern computers with the definition of an algorithm called Turing machine. His name also made his way into the history of mathematics with the Church-Turing Hypothesis, which he developed with his thesis teacher Alonzo Church, with whom he worked at Princeton. This thesis states that all calculations that can be described with an algorithm consist of calculations that can be described by four operations, projection, articulation and scanning operations. Rather than being a mathematical theorem, it is an undeniable hypothesis about the philosophy of mathematics.
After the war, he worked on computer and artificial intelligence logic. Alan Turing is one of the greatest pioneers of modern computing and information sciences, both on a theoretical and practical level. He also had a profound influence on various debates on mathematics and philosophy. During his time at Manchester University, he laid out the conceptual basis of modern computers with the definition of an algorithm called the Turing machine. His name also made its way into the history of mathematics with the Church-Turing Hypothesis, which he developed with his thesis teacher Alonzo Church, with whom he worked at Princeton.
In 1941, Alan Turing proposed marriage to his colleague, lady Joan Clarke, and they got engaged. However, when he found out that Turing was gay, the engagement broke down. In 1948 he was appointed to the mathematics department in Manchester as a lecturer. In 1949 he became a deputy manager of the computer lab at the University of Manchester. During this period, he worked on the Manchester Mark 1 software for one of the first real computers.
In those years, homosexuality was illegal in England and fell into the criminal class. In 1952, Turing was with someone named Alan Murray. Then Turing’s house was robbed. Police caught the thieves, and during the investigation it was revealed that Alan Murray had a homosexual relationship with Turing. Tried on charges of homosexuality, Turing was sentenced to an estrogen injection, a method of chemical castration, for 1 year. Since he was found guilty, the government’s trustworthiness for undercover business was revoked and his ongoing advisory on kryptonic issues at GCHQ was terminated.
In 1952, Turing applied to the police with the complaint that he was subjected to blackmail and declared that he was homosexual. He died in 1954 from potassium cyanide poisoning. In the police investigation, it was decided that Turing died as a result of suicide by taking cyanide poison with the apple he ate. Despite this, British police claimed that Turing’s poisoning was not due to suicide by him and that others had a hand in this suspicious death.
On June 8, 1954, his cleaner found Turing dead in his home in Mancester. It was determined that he died by eating the cyanide poisoned apple he left on the edge of his bed. Since 1966, in memory of Alan Mathison Turing, a person who writes technical articles to the computer community is awarded the “Turing Award”, which is considered a notable of computer science. Mansheste on June 23, 2001