Who is Alfred Schütz?November 30, 2020
Alfred Schutz is an Austrian-American social philosopher and sociologist. Born in Vienna, he studied law and social sciences at the University of Vienna. With a strong interest in phenomenology, Schutz worked in intellectual collaboration with Husserl until the German occupation of Austria.
Schutz included Husserl’s phenomenological philosophy, of which he was a student, to sociology and fused it with other interpretive schools of thought. Among the most important works of Schutz, whose thoughts were also influenced by Max Weber and GH Mead (Turner, 2006: 438), are “Phenomenology of the Social World” (1972) and “Structures of the Living World” (1974), which he co-wrote with T. Luckman. .
Alfred Schutz (1899-1959) studied law and social sciences at the University of Vienna. Schutz went to the USA in 1939 and became a lecturer at the New School for Social Research and studied phenomenology and social sciences methodology. Schutz developed Edmund Husserl ‘s phenomenological philosophy as the basis of the philosophy of social sciences.
Although Schutz was not Husserl’s student, he tried to develop meaning-based sociology with his colleague Felix Kaufmann. As a result of these studies, Schutz published his first book Der sinnhafte Aufbau der sozialen Welt. This work caught Husserl’s attention and continued to correspond with Husserl until his death in 1938. Schutz continued his career as a banker all his life, while also teaching part-time at the New School for Social Research in New York.
Based on Husserl’s phenomenological philosophy, Schutz tried to conceptualize social life in a different way, thus laying the foundations of ethnomethodology. Schutz’s worldview is a highly interpretive view that asserts that social order is an agreed reality based on common assumptions and interpretations.