Who is Ambrosius Theodosius Macrobius?December 13, 2020
Ambrosius Theodosius Macrobius Roman Grammarian and Neoplatonist philosopher who lived and worked during the reign of the Roman Emperors Honorius and Arcadius (395-423).
Macrobius (as he said) is not Roman, but there is no definitive evidence of his African or Greek origin. His work appears to be more involved with Latin writers than Greek writers, and he often misinterpreted Greek writers. In one possibility, Theodosius who served as praetorian prefect in Italy in 430, with the person referred to as the Praetorian prefect in Hispania from 399 to 400 in the Codex Theodosianus, the proconsul in Africa in 410 and the lord chamberlain in 422 Are the same people as Macrobius.
In the aforementioned dates, only Christians could be elected to these high offices, and since there was no evidence in Macrobius’ works that he was a Christian, early writers questioned the authenticity of his Christianity and the higher duties he undertook. Contemporary science sees little conflict between his writings and Christianity, which supports the belief that he is a pretorian prefect.
His most important work, Saturnalia, contains the story of an argument that took place in the house of Vettius Praetextatus (c. 325-385), where he stayed while vacationing in Saturnalia. The book was written by the author for the benefit of his son Eustathius (or Eustachius) and includes a wide variety of bizarre historical, mythological, critical and grammatical discussions.
Macrobius is also the author of a commentary of two books on the story Scipio’s dream, told by Cicero at the end of his work The Republic. In Dream, the elder Scipio (adopted) appears to his grandson, depicting the lives of the good after death, and explaining the structure of the universe from a stoic point of view, giving Macrobius the opportunity to experiment with astronomical concepts about the nature of the universe that would not be valid until the middle ages. A third work by the author is on the similarities and differences of Greek and Latin verbs.
Source: Atatürk University Department of Sociology 1st Year “Introduction to Philosophy” and 3rd Year “History of Contemporary Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM)