Who is Andrea Cesalpino (Caesalpinus)?December 13, 2020
Andrea Cesalpino (Latin Andreas Caesalpinus) is a thinker who lived between June 6, 1519 and February 23, 1603.
It is considered a milestone in the classification of Italian herbs and is one of the leading medical studies on blood circulation. Born in Arezzo in 1524 or 1525; After studying Realdo Colombo, Luca Ghini and Vesalio, he graduated in Pisa in 1551.
Italian physician, philosopher and naturalist Andrea Cesalpino was born in Arezzo in 1519. He completed his medical education at Pisa University. During his education years, he was interested in botany and philosophy outside of medicine. Continuing her post-education studies at Pisa University, Cesalpino also started to teach medicine, philosophy and botany.
Cesalpino, who made great contributions to the opening of Europe’s second botanical garden in Pisa in 1547, was appointed as its director. During the same period, he earned the title of professor of medicine and botany at the University of Pisa. Cesalpino, who received an offer from the University of Sapienza from Rome in 1592, started to work in Rome. During this duty, he became Pope Clement VIII’s private doctor. He lasted this post until 1603, the year of his death.
Andrea Cesalpino provided the formation of toxicology after his researches in medicine and botany. His most famous work is “De Plantis”, which consists of 16 books and describes 1500 plant species. There are also details about the uses of plants in the field of health in this work, which has a great impact. He also worked on blood circulation before William Harvey.