Who is Andreas Vesalius?December 13, 2020
Belgian anatomist Andreas VESALIUS was born in Brussels in 1514. Vesalius, who grew up in a medical-based family, spent his childhood reading medical books. His father was Emperor Maximillian’s chief guardian.
Vesalius, who studied art at Louvain University between 1528-1533, went to France in 1533 and started his medical education at Paris University.
Vesalius, who continued his medical education at the University of Padua in 1536 after the war broke out in France, received a medical doctor diploma in the same year.
Vesalius started teaching surgery and anatomy during his anatomy dissection studies at the University of Padua. Taking detailed notes and making drawings during dissection studies, Vesalius published one of the most important works in the history of medicine, “De Humani Corporis Fabrica Libri Septem” in 1543.
In his 663-page book, which is considered to be the first work on anatomy in the history of medicine, Vesalius revealed that Galedn’s theories about anatomy were wrong. In the 277 anatomy drawings prepared in collaboration with Titian, one of the famous artists of the period, there are fine details especially about the skeleton-muscular and nervous system. Vesalius was only 29 years old when this famous work was completed.
Vesalius, who left the university in 1543, continued as a doctor of the imperial family until 1564, the date of his death.
He was born in Brussels as the son of the pharmacist of the Roman Emperor Charles V. He studied first at Louvain, then at the University of Paris, and then began teaching at the anatomy chair at the University of Padua in Italy. Meanwhile, Vesalius, who started to examine Galen’s works; He claimed that the information he gave about the anatomical structure of human beings contained errors and that the source of these errors was that the studies on this subject were carried out on animals and the data obtained were attributed to humans. According to him, knowledge of human anatomy could best be obtained only by studying a healthy human body.
Dissection studies were initiated earlier in the 12th century for legal purposes and therefore dissection was performed for educational purposes. However, Andreas Vesalius was the first to do the dissection to investigate.
Vesalius collected his studies on anatomy in his picture book called Fabrica. Although he criticized Galen for saying that his work was flawed, his own work is not that different. After a while, Vesalius published a summary of his book, after correcting the mistakes and making additions in the part related to the anatomical structure of the heart.
The Structure of the Human Body, one of the greatest science books ever written in 1543; It ensured that the science of anatomy was accepted as an academic pursuit. Until the 17th century, Vesalius’ theories were accepted in almost all of Europe.
* Dissection: examining the internal structure of living things