Who is Angela Yvonne Davis?December 13, 2020
US human rights activist, philosopher, humanist and writer who was the symbol of the political prisoners’ rights movement in the 1970s. In addition, in 1980 and 1984, the US Communist Party was a candidate for vice president of the United States.
Davis, who also supported the struggle for the freedom of American blacks, faced pressure and various accusations from the US government, which was in the Cold War with the USSR, in his professional life because he was a member of the US Communist Party, and defended the Soledad Trilogy in court. Davis, who escaped due to a possible criminal offense and was on the list of criminals sought by the FBI, was arrested and then released. In February 1995, he was appointed head of a chair at the University of California, where he has taught since 1991.
Angela Davis is born into a middle-class black family. At the age of 15, he won the American Friends Service Committee scholarship and taught at the progressive private school Elisabeth Irwin in New York, known as the “Little Red School House”. She first met Marxism here and joined the communist group at the school.
From 1961, he began to study French literature at Brandeis University in Waltham, Massachusetts, and in 1962 went to France for a year to study at the Sorbonne.
In 1960 and the years that followed, numerous bomb assassinations were carried out against black human rights defenders in Birmingham. In 1963, four girls, whom Angela Davis knew, died in the fire that broke out in the Birmingham baptist church as a result of an arson by the Ku Klux Klan organization.
He took lessons from Herbert Marcuse at Brandeis University and traveled to Frankfurt (Main) / Germany in September 1965 to study philosophy and sociology through him. She attended the lectures of Adorno and Horkheimer, among other teachers. He joined the Socialist German Students Association (SDS) in Frankfurt and took an active part in anti-Vietnam war actions. She returned to America in August 1968, when the struggle of blacks in America began to grow stronger. She joined the She Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) here and soon became a member of the Black Panther Party. In June 1968, the US Communist Party joined the black cell Che-Lumumba-Club as a member.
Davis went to the University of California, San Diego with Herbert Marcuse and completed his education in 1968. He started to work as an associate professor only with a court decision; But when she was revealed to be a member of the communist party, she was fired in 1970. When party membership became a problem at the SNCC, she left as well.
ngela Davis suggests that George Jackson, a member of the Black Panther Party, who has been in prison since the age of 18, write a book about prison conditions. She also writes the book Soledad Brother. In August 1970, Jackson’s brother Jonathan attacks the courtroom with a gun to save his brother. Four policemen are killed in this collision. Because the guns were bought in Davis’ name, the blame for supplying the assault guns lies on Angela Davis.
The FBI then puts Davis on the list of “America’s Ten Dangerous Criminals Wanted”. She gets arrested a few weeks later. She was asked to be sentenced to death on the accusation of supporting terrorism. A worldwide protest begins against his arrest, which spreads outside America. Two years later, on June 4, 1972, he was acquitted of all charges and released from prison. Angela Davis is still known today as America’s best-known political prisoner.
She taught African-American classes at Claremont College between 1975-1977, and then Women and Ethics at San Francisco State University.
She ran for vice presidency in the 1980 and 1984 elections.
In 1991 she co-founded the Committees of Correspondence for Democracy and Socialism, along with her fellow leftists and former communist party members. Angela Davis still describes herself as a communist.
His most striking and respected work in recent years is “Prisons – Industrial Complex”. In this work Davis dealt with the international dimension of the oppression of gender, race and class in America. Where Are Prisons Obsolete published in 2003? As in his book, he has developed thoughts on how the struggle for democracy can bring the conditions left over from slavery to success in social life.
Angela Davis works as a professor at the University of California, Santa Cruz. She is also the spokesperson for the no to death penalty campaign.