Who is Antonio Negri?December 13, 2020
Italian philosopher and political theorist.
Negri received his diploma in philosophy at the age of 23 with his graduation thesis on German historicism. He worked for two years at the Benedetto Croce Institute for Historical Studies. He became a law professor in 1959 and served at the University of Padua until 1967.
In 1967, he was also appointed as a professor of State Doctrines. He did many publishing activities. He was the director of the Progresso Veneto magazine, a local publication of the Italian Socialist Party. Later, as a result of the coalition of the socialists with the Christian Democrat Party, Negri refused and left the party. In the meantime, his articles were published in different philosophy journals (Aut-Aut, Critical del Dretto). In Potere Operairo, a new political formation circle, Negri became a prominent theorist. The Autonomia movement was born during this period, and Negri was blamed as one of those responsible for this uprising. He was cleared of these charges, but later, in 1979,He was charged and arrested in connection with the investigations made after the Red Brigades kidnapped and killed Aldo Moro. Negri’s relationship with the Red Brigades has not been proven.
Despite this, he remained in prison for four and a half years and was released from the list of the Radikal Party, elected to the Italian Parliament while in prison. However, his immunity was lifted and Negri was forced to leave Italy as a result. He lived in France until 1997 and returned to Italy that year. He was re-imprisoned to serve his remaining prison sentence, and he authored many important and vocal books (Marx Beyond Marx, Empire). The book Empire, written in particular with Michael Hardt, was considered a cornerstone in the theoretical development of a new leftist thought. Creating a new theory of power and resistance in the postmodern situation can be stated as Negri’s philosophical and political goal.
Source: Atatürk University Department of Sociology 1st Year “Introduction to Philosophy” and 3rd Year “History of Contemporary Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM)