Who is Apollonios (Apollonius) of Tyana?December 13, 2020
Apollonios M.S. He is a philosopher who lived in the second half of the first century.
Apollonios of Tyana is a “legendary” person who is attributed many things to himself. As a matter of fact, the life of Apollonios is told in a novel type work written a century after him and reflecting the thinking of the period. This work tells about the trips Apollonios made to Egypt and India, the superior people he met there, and his miraculous behavior. In the meantime, it is told how Apollonios flew in the air, Pythagoras knew the changes he had gone through in his previous life, and how he recognized the evil spirit that was the cause of the disease in a plague city. This book is full of unrealistic beliefs. However, the work reflects the world view unique to this period very pleasantly with these explanations.
Besides these unrealistic beliefs and apart from them, science continued its development in its own way. However, the sciences of this period were now on their own. In other words, they were no longer related to a general idea of the universe. For this reason, in this period, experts of the sciences one by one; physicists, geographers, philologists, on the other hand, lived together philosophers devoted to miracles and unrealistic beliefs.
In this period, we know that a city founded on the East-West border embraced both science, religious and philosophical movements, Alexander. Indeed, religious movements that passed from the East to the West first met and united with Western thought in Alexandria. With the efforts of the Ptolemies, with its enormous library, plant and zoos, Alexandria is the true science center of the late First Age. With this cultural richness, philosophers far superior to legendary figures such as Apollonios were raised in Alexandria, which left Athens far behind at that time. We can point to Philon as one of the important philosophers raised by Alexandria, for example.
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Ömer YILDIRIM’s Personal Lecture Notes. Atatürk University Department of Sociology 1st Class “Introduction to Philosophy” and 2., 3., 4. Class “History of Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook