Who is Aristippos?December 13, 2020
Aristippos, BC. Greek thinker who lived between 435-386.
Aristippos, a student of Socrates, is known as the founder of the Kirene school. The philosopher, none of his works survived to the present day, developed a moral doctrine that avoided pain and was based on direct pleasure based on reason or proportionality. Against Kynikler’s’ scholar who turns her back on the world, Aristippos represents the ‘scholar who knows how to taste the world wisely’.
He is a Greek philosopher. Founder of the Kyrene school or teaching known as Hedonism. He continued Socrates’ lessons. From these lessons he just came to the idea that we should give philosophy a practical quality. He was a master of the art of flattery to rulers. It is said that he spent part of his life in the palace of Dionysios in Sicily; but it is doubtful that everything said about him is true.
Happiness, according to a teaching appropriated to him, is nothing but seeking pleasure. He believed that the purpose of life should be to enjoy as much as possible. He said “the greatest good is pleasure” and “the greatest evil is pain.” It is also possible, however, that it was Aristippos the Younger grandson who first put forward this teaching.
Aristippos formed a masterful synthesis rather than the thoughts of Socrates. This philosopher said, “What is a happy life?” he thought that he started by asking the question “Happy life; it is a life that has as much pleasure as possible and as little pain as possible. ” He explained the subject by giving the answer. To make life happy; It is to bring into our lives as much pleasure as we can, and as little pain as possible. What needs to be done for this is to reduce our needs, that is to try to live with as little need as possible. Because too much pleasure will harm people. So we have to be content with what we have. Only then can we enjoy all the joys of life. Thus, Aristippos offers us a kind of art of living. This art of living means saving oneself from being a slave to his passions.
Aristippos asks the following question regarding the theory of knowledge: Can we recognize objects as they are? In other words, is it possible for us to know the universe itself? According to him, we do not perceive the universe itself, but only the way it appears to us. For example, I don’t know if honey itself is sweet or not. What I know is that honey is sweet only for me. Are the objects actually colored? We don’t know that, I just know that things appear to me in color. For this, it is possible for us to know not the objects themselves, but the images they form in our consciousness. That is why Aristippos believes that only the consciousness of the human being can make the content of his consciousness the subject of knowledge.