Who is Avram Noam Chomsky?December 13, 2020
He is an American linguist and philosopher.
He was born on December 7, 1928 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He is the son of Russian immigrant William Chomsky. N. Chomsky is professor of linguistics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He developed the Chomsky Hierarchy, named after him. His contribution to linguistics has been very effective in refuting the Behavioral Theory.
It has also increased the popularity of cognitive science. In addition to his linguistic work, he is considered one of North America’s most important left-wing politician intellectuals. He is a world-renowned harsh critic of America’s foreign and economic policies since the Vietnam War. In his Art and Human Rights Citation in 1992, he was named the most cited living person in the world between 1980 and 1992. Noam Chomsky is a leftist libertarian sympathetic to Anarcho-syndicalism and a member of the World Industrial Workers Foundation.
His father was a Hebrew teacher, and he was publishing a scientific journal on medieval Hebrew grammar. He received his primary education at Oak Lane Country Day School and Central High School in Philadelphia. Between 1940 and 1945, he was involved in the work of the anarchist-socialist Jewish intellectual community of New York City and planned to emigrate to Israel to work for Arab-Jewish cooperation.
He continued his education at the University of Pennsylvania, where he studied linguistics, mathematics and philosophy. He was a student at the University of Pennsylvania between 1945 and 1950 and started his studies in linguistics. During this time, Zellig worked on revising Harris ‘book “The Method of Structural Linguistics” and began to sympathize with Harris’ views on politics. He was also a student of Nelson Goodman, a radical-empiricist philosopher. In 1951, he accepted Goodman’s Young Researcher Fellowship proposal and went to Harvard University.
In 1953 Chomsky traveled to Europe. During this trip, he decided that his attempt to shape structural linguistics would not work; because language was very abstract, an innate phenomenon. He decided that his future work should be about modeling this phenomenon. He received his doctorate from the University of Pennsylvania in 1955; however, he conducted most of the research that led him to achieve this degree at Harvard University between 1951 and 55. He has been working at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology since receiving his PhD; He is currently President of Ferrari P. Ward in the Modern Languages and Linguistics division. Noam married Carol Schatz (now a professor at Harvard University) on December 24, 1949. The couple has two daughters and a son.
Noam earned his reputation in linguistics. He acquired some of the historical principles of linguistics from his father, William, a Hebrew expert. In fact, his first research for his master’s degree was about the spoken modern Hebrew. Among his many achievements, the most famous is his work on the generative grammar, stemming from his interest in modern logic and mathematical foundations. As a result, he applied this generative grammar to the definition of natural languages. As a student, he was highly influenced by Zellig Harris, professor of linguistics at Noam University of Pennsylvania. Zellis’s sympathy for his political views led him to pursue a master’s degree in linguistics.
Noam has always been interested in politics, and it is said that it was politics that drew him into the realm of linguistics. His political tendency towards socialism and anarchism stems from what he called the radical New York Jewish community. He has been a leading critic of US foreign policy since 1965. He published his book on American Power and New Mandarins, which is accepted as one of the most important arguments against America’s involvement in Vietnam.
Chomsky has been respected academically and has been honored many times. Awarded with Honorary Doctorate by the University of London and the University of Chicago, Chomsky has also been invited to conferences around the world. In 1967 he gave the Beckman Conference at the University of California at Berkeley. In 1969, he gave the John Locke Conference at Oxford University and the Sherman Memorial Conference at the University of London.
In November 2005 and June 2008, it was ranked 1st in 2005 and 11th in 2008 in the lists of the world’s top 100 intellectuals, which were created by the US Foreign Policy and UK Prospect magazines through online reader surveys.
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Ömer YILDIRIM’s Personal Lecture Notes. Atatürk University Department of Sociology 1st Class “Introduction to Philosophy” and 2., 3., 4. Class “History of Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook
– Chomsky and linguistics
– Chomsky’s contributions to psychology