Who is Ayn Rand?December 13, 2020
Ayn Rand (February 2, 1905 – March 6, 1982, first name Alisa Zinovievna Rosenbaum), the philosophy of objectivism she founded and the books I Want to Live (We the Living), I (Anthem), The Fountainhead and Atlas Silkindi (Atlas Shrugged) and the thinker-writer known for his philosophy of objectivism.
His philosophy and books emphasize his own notions of individualism, rational selfishness, and capitalism. Believing that the state has a legal but minimal role in a free society, Rand is not an anarchist but a minarchist. (He did not use this definition himself.)
His novels are centered on the promotion of a protagonist that he has created uniquely, the Hero’s own talent clashes with society because of his originality and independence, but these conflicts happen not because of his mistakes, but because he acts rationally and works for his own benefit in a heartfelt way. For Rand, there is no conflict for rational mind minds. Still, the hero continues in line with his ideals. Rand sees this hero as the ideal person and aims to make his literature a publicity for this type of person.
According to that,
It should choose human values and actions using logic,
Individuals have the right to live for their own purposes without sacrificing themselves for others and expecting the same from others,
No one has the right to violate someone else’s rights by force or to impose their own ideas on them by force.
Ayn Rand was born in Saint Petersburg, Russia. She was the eldest of three daughters in a Jewish family. His family was agnostic and indifferent to religion. He was interested in literature and cinema from an early age. She started writing stories and plays when she was seven years old. His mother took the task of teaching him French and subscribed to a magazine with stories for children. In these magazines, Rand found his first childhood hero: Cyrus Paltons, an indigenous officer in the Rudyard Kipling-style story Mysterious Valley.
During his youth, he read books by Sir Walter Scott, Alexandre Dumas, and other romantic writers, and had a passionate love for romance in general. At the age of 13, he discovered Victor Hugo and fell in love with his novels. In the years that followed, Rand named him his favorite, the greatest novelist in world literature.
She studied philosophy and history at the Petrograd University. The biggest discoveries he made during his university years were Edmond Rostand, Friedrich Schiller and Fyodor Dostoyevsky. He admired Rostand for his rich, romantic imagination and Schiller for his great, heroic influence. He admired Dostoevsky for his drama and his deep moral analysis, but he was deeply opposed to his philosophy and understanding of life.
She continued to write short stories and plays, and kept a disorganized diary, heavily containing anti-Soviet ideas. He also met Nietzsche, liking his glorification of the heroic and free man in Zarathustra Saying So, but at the same time he was harshly against his philosophy in the preface of his novels.
By far the most influential name for Rand was Aristotle, especially with his work on Logic, who saw him as the greatest philosopher ever and later said that he was the only philosopher he was influenced by.
He later entered the State Institute of Motion Picture Arts in 1924, but was granted a visa in 1925 to visit relatives in America. He came to the United States in February 1926 at the age of 21, and after a short period of time in Chicago with relatives, he decided never to return to the Soviet Union. He took to Hollywood roads with the dream of becoming a screenwriter.
She later changed her name to Ayn Rand. There is a rumor that he got his name from the Remington Rand typewriter, but he started using the name Ayn Rand before the typewriter was released. She said that she got the name Ayn influenced by a Finnish writer. This may be Aino Kallas, a Finnish-Estonian writer, but it is uncertain as this name and its variations are common in Finnish-speaking countries.
He initially struggled in Hollywood and got into odd jobs to meet his simple needs. Additionally, he met an ambitious young actor who caught his eye while working on Cecil B. DeMille’s King of Kings, Frank O’Connor. The two were married in 1929. In 1931, Rand was granted American citizenship.
His first literary success was in 1932 by selling his screenplay Red Pawn to Universal studios. He then published his work Night of January 16th in 1934, and this work was largely successful. Then he wrote the novels We the Living in 1936 and Ben (Anthem) in 1938.
I Want to Live has received a moderate response from American critics and a good response in the UK, but Anthem has gained considerable acclaim not only in the UK but for its strange publication story. Rand was extremely opposed to the red decade that influenced America in those years, and in fact Anthem could not even find a publisher in America, it was first published in England. Besides that, Rand is still