Who is Bayezid-i Bistami?December 14, 2020
Bâyezid-î Bistâmî or Tayfur Abu Yazîd al-Bûstâmî, (d.804, Bistam – d. 874 – 877/878), Iranian Islamic scholar and saint.
He was born in 804 in Bistam, which is located in today’s Semnan Province of Iran. His tag is Abu Yazid. His name is Tayfûr, his father’s name is Asa. His grave is also in Bistam.
His grandfather was a Zoroaster, who later converted to Islam. His grandfather had three sons named Adam, Tayfur and Ali. All of them were known as those who chose to live the zuhd (zuhd) life. Bayezid was born as Tayfur’s son. He spent most of his childhood alone at home and in the mosque. Although he had a lonely life, he often received visitors to his house to discuss Sufism. He abandoned all his worldly desires in order to be alone with Allah (Melamilik-Kalenderîlik) and continued his ascetic life.
As a result, this lifestyle resulted in Bayezid’s transformation into a state of “Self-Destruction”. This situation is defined as “Fenâ Fî’Allah”, which is the “state of mind in which the person is closest to Allah” in Sufism, that is (extinction in Allah). “Beyâzıd” became the first person in history to be referred to as “Sarhôş Sufi” because he expressed his feelings towards Allah with a very sincere and open heart. He is recognized as one of the most influential mystics in history. Due to his excessive love for Allah, he is remembered as the Sufi who introduced the concepts of “Bekâ Bî’Allah” that is (being with God / being one with God) by abandoning all the blessings of the world other than the love of Allah.
Before him, Sufism was based solely on “asceticism” and “obedience.” It was thanks to him that the Divine Love was brought into Sufism.
Musa al-Kazim and Ali ar-Riza, who were among the twelve imams, had a strong affection. He was accepted as a student by Ali er-Rıza. Since he passed away in 874/878, he probably met Imam Muhammad at-Taki (d.835 CE), Imam Ali Naki (d.868 CE), and Imam Hasan al-Askeri (d.874 CE), whom he lived in the same period. Respect and love for the twelve imams has also played an important role in preserving the successors such as Abu’l Hassan Kharakani, Hace Abdullah al-Ensari, and Abu’l Kasim Gûrganî, since the names of the twelve imams were written in the prayer halls built by these witnesses. It is understood.
Isa and Musa, his grandchildren, migrated from Khorasan in Iran to Anatolia. At first they resided in the Kırıkhan district of Hatay, later they wanted to migrate to the inner parts of Anatolia as per their assigned duty and the two brothers left Kırıkhan. Since the people of Kırıkhan did not want the brothers to go, they martyred one of the brothers Isa there. Seyh Isa Tomb is in the north of Alabeyli Village of Kırıkhan. It is on a hill 4 kilometers away from the district center. The other brother (Sheikh Musa) came to Zile district of Tokat and continued his guidance there. He still resides here, and it is widely believed that his grandchildren are living in Zile.
Known as Beyazıbesten (Şeyh Ethem Çelebi Mosque) among the people, the visiting place is in Ali Kadı Mahallesi in the center of Zile and is one of the places visited by the locals for headaches and eye pains and various wishes. Zile de Şeyh Ethem Çelebi (Beyazıbesten) mosque, the blessed cardigan-ı sheriffs of Prophet Muhammed were taken to Tokat on 17.09.1944, because of the excuse that they could not be preserved in the first years of the Republic and because of the insufficient protection of the people of Zilibesten, it is still in Ankara Ethmography Museum, Veysel Karani Hz. Bâyezid-î Bistâmî and reached this time through a chain.
It is in sixth place in all Nakşibendî ranges.
Tâhirî (T) / Gafori-Mûceddidî (G) / Mûceddidî-Sirajia (M) / Süleymanî (S) / Khâlidî (F) / Hakkânî (H) / Dağıstan Mûceddîdî-Khâlidîye-Mahmûdîye (D) Position in Nakşibendî Silsile-Golden Chains
The table below lists the gold chains (Silsile-i saadat) belonging to different branches of Nakşibendiye.
(D): Dagestan Mûceddîdî-Khâlidîye-Mahmûdîye
These are respectively indicated by the symbols described above. “Bayezîd-î Bistâmî” ranks sixth in all of these ranges.