Who is Benalı Amalric (Amalric of Bena)?December 14, 2020
He is one of the famous theologians and philosophers of the Middle Ages.
French Benali Amalric was born in the second half of the 12th century in Bena, a village near Chartres. He taught philosophy and theology at the University of Paris and built a great reputation. His lectures that developed Aristotle’s philosophy attracted great attention. His doctrines in his work “The Natural Things Treaty” were condemned by the University of Paris in 1204 and his sentence was upheld upon a personal objection to the Pope. Amalric was ordered to return to Paris and reconsider his mistakes. It was claimed that his death, which took place in 1209, was caused by the sadness caused by this humiliation.
Amalric developed the principles of his philosophical system with a strong pantheistic understanding. For him only three propositions could be explained by the principle of certainty: God is everything; every Christian must believe that he is a member of the body of Christ and that this belief is necessary for salvation; He who is in love with God does not sin. These three suggestions were further developed by his followers, who argued that God revealed himself in a threefold revelation that marked Abraham’s early period.
Amalric argued that all beings have shapes in themselves, but motion is born out of a first substance in which it is continuous and necessary. He argued that all private beings consisted of the constant and necessary movement of this first substance.
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Ömer YILDIRIM’s Personal Lecture Notes. Atatürk University Department of Sociology 1st Class “Introduction to Philosophy” and 2., 3., 4. Class “History of Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook