Who is Benjamin Franklin?December 14, 2020
Benjamin Franklin, (born January 17, 1706, Boston – d. April 17, 1790, Philadelphia) is an American publisher, author, inventor, philosopher, scientist and diplomat. He was the tenth son of a soap and candle maker with seventeen children.
He left school at the age of ten. When he was 12, he apprenticed with his older brother, William, who ran the printing house and published a liberal newspaper. He learned the profession of printing and started his literature studies. He founded a printing house and newspaper in Philadelphia in 1730. Poor started publishing Richard’s Almanac (The Almanac of Poor Richard): Between 1732 and 1757 he wrote articles under the signature of Richard Sounders in Amanac, which he directed. A club called Junto where topics such as politics, philosophy, science and business relations are discussed; established a library, a hospital and an insurance company against fire. It has increased printing houses.
Franklin became the Philadelphia parliamentary secretary in 1736 and entered politics. Elected to the Pennsylvania parliament in 1750, he struggled with large families against the land tax. He was made general manager of British American mail. He made various arrangements in the postal service. Franklin, who conducted research on electrical phenomena in particular, discovered the plus and minus ends of electrical charges and introduced the principle of conservation of electricity. At the end of his experiment by flying a kite in stormy weather, he discovered that lightning was an electrical phenomenon. He discovered the lightning rod based on this experiment in which two of his assistants died although he survived due to being affected by electricity, and started the clock application to benefit more from sunlight.
At the beginning of the North American Colonial Revolt in 1757, Franklin, who lived in the colonies, by conveying their complaints to London; In 1765, the stamp commissioned him to notify Lord Grenville of objections against the official law. In 1772, he seized and published the letters of Massachusetts Governor Hutchinson, full of insults against the colonial people. His reputation with the colonial people increased. He was elected to the American Congress. In 1776 he drafted the declaration of independence with Thomas Jefferson and John Adams. In September 1776, the Congress sent a commission of three, including Franklin, to France to seek economic and military assistance. Franklin was very successful in meeting with the French foreign minister, Charles Gravier. At the end of the 1775-1783 American War of Independence, he went to England as one of the diplomats selected to continue peace negotiations with England. He returned to America in 1785 after the signing of the peace treaty with England. In 1787 he participated in the work of the Philadelphia Constitutional Assembly. He died after a while.