Who is Bernard Bosanquet?December 14, 2020
Bernard Bosanquet is the third in a trio of experts in English absolute idealism.
His position is reminiscent of Bradley. But it shows stronger Hegelian tendencies. The parallels between the development of German idealism with Fichte, Schelling and Hegel, and the British current with Green, Bradley and Bosanquet are astounding.
Green and Fichte adhere to tradition; they both emphasize the priority of practical reason and place emphasis on their own and its moral realization. They can be described as moral or volitional idealists. Bradley, like the German prototype Schelling, has a romantic and anti-intellectual disposition. Bosanquet is perhaps the closest person to Hegel in the British group; his idealism, though not using the Hegelian dialectic, is more of an intellectual and rational structure than its English predecessors. Logic, 1888.
History of Aesthetics, 1892;
The Philosophical Theory of the State, 1889;
Principle of Individuality and Value, 1912;
Value and Destiny of the Individual, 1913;
Meeting of Extremes in Contemporary Philosophy, 1920.
The doctrine of the “concrete universe” put forward by Hegel will be the cornerstone of Bosanquet’s Neo-Hegelian system. The concrete universal is not an abstract generalization, but an individual generalization with an internal structuring, and it is in an effort to unite: “concrete universal shapes thought, the nisus of individuality” * The effort to create individuality is an effort to understand reality. An individual will be incapable of attaining a competence, artistic creation, moral behavior and the purpose of knowledge are absolute. Accuracy is the ideal integrity or completion of a sequence of information in the domain of knowledge. Bosanquet argues for the consistency of the theory of truth: “the testing of accuracy happens with the more truth.” In the field of ethics, the moral nature of an act is determined by its suitability with a broader and more comprehensive scheme. The unity and harmony of reality will be manifested by Bosanquet as dramatically as it is logical and moral, but this does not mean that aesthetic and dramatic values prevail over logic and morality. All value zones present the same principle of individuality in a striving for unity, harmony, consistency, and completion. This striving for unity is characteristic of truth and value. The inseparability of reality and value will be highlighted in the title of Bosanquet’s most important work: The Principle of Individuality and Value.
Source: Atatürk University Department of Sociology 1st Year “Introduction to Philosophy” and 3rd Year “History of Contemporary Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Contemporary Philosophy, Frank Thilly, Projection Publications