Who is Boethius Dacus?December 14, 2020
Boethius Dacus is one of the most important figures of the thirteenth century, along with Sigerus de Brabant, of radical Aristotelianism.
He was one of the philosophers who were the target of the famous Tempier accusation in 1277. We know very little about his life. Although he is sometimes referred to as the Swedish Boethius in medieval documents, his birthplace is Denmark, not Sweden. For this reason, he has been called the Danish Boethius recently. The exact years of birth and death are also unknown. We know that he was in Paris after 1262 and taught at the Faculty of Letters between 1270 and 1280. It is estimated that he wrote works of logic around 1270 and those related to natural philosophy in 1272 and later.
There are several Aristotelian commentaries among the works of Boethius Dacus. These are Quaestiones De Generatione et Corruptione (Questions About Occurrence and Degradation); Quaestiones Super Libros Physicorum (Questions on Physics Books); Quaestiones is Super Librum Topicorum (Questions on the Book of Topics). Among his other works are De Aeternitate Mundi (About the Eternal-Eternalness of the World); De Summo Bono (About the Highest Best).
Boethius Dacus, one of the radical Aristotelians of the thirteenth century, along with Sigerus de Brabant, was a nominalist thinker. He argued that the thesis that the world was created out of nothing and later could not be scientifically proven, and he had a sensitive attitude to determine the limits of science. He shaped science in the context of mental principles and considered the principles of reason more important than the truths of revelation. He argued that physics, which he regarded as one of the major sciences, could not take creation as a subject of study, but that the existence of a First Cause could be revealed by using metaphysics and mental means. He made a definite distinction between reason and faith, or between philosophy and theology, but argued that both of these areas could produce correct judgments provided that they remained within their own limits. This view of his has been called the “dual truth doctrine” by some, and this sharp distinction between philosophy and theology was an important step in the recognition of philosophy as a discipline independent of theology.
– The problem of the eternity and eternity of the world
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Ömer YILDIRIM’s Personal Lecture Notes. Atatürk University Department of Sociology 1st Class “Introduction to Philosophy” and 2., 3., 4. Class “History of Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook