Who is Carl Ritter?

Who is Carl Ritter?

June 25, 2021 Off By Felso

Who Was Carl Ritter Carl Ritter was a German geographer and thinker who lived from 7 August 1779 to 28 September 1859. He is one of the founders of modern geography. Carl Ritter also stands out with his historian aspect.

Carl Ritter was born on 7 August 1779 in Quedlinburg and died on 28 September 1859 in Berlin. He studied at the University of Halle between 1796 and 1798. In 1807 he published his geographical and historical studies on the European continent. Then he continued his studies by traveling all over Europe and Asia.

In 1817, he published the first volume of his 19-volume book, Die Erdkunde im Verhâltnis zur Natur und zur Geschichte des Menschen (“History of Man and Geography in Relation to Nature”), examining the African continent. In 1820 he became a professor of geography at the University of Berlin and held this post until the end of his life. He also taught at the Royal Military Academy and in 1828 was a founding member of the Berlin Geographical Society.

Carl Ritter

Seeing geography as an independent discipline, Ritter laid the foundations of contemporary scientific geography with Alexander von Humboldt. Educator J.H. Pestalozzi and philosopher J.G. Influenced by von Herder’s views, he opposed a priori approaches, based on empirical approach and observation in his research. He argued that the world operates according to certain geographical laws and that these laws can only be discovered through a comprehensive observation of events.

According to him, geography, which is an independent science, shows the connection of the world with man and his creator. The world, which is an organic whole, was created for man and arranged in accordance with human life. Therefore, information about the physical world will be useful in understanding the world’s relationship to man and his creator.

He argued that the development of history was determined by the natural environment in which man lived, and stated that the relationship of man with his natural environment should be examined. For this reason, he based his research on the geographical interpretation of history and saw geography as equivalent to the study of human history.

In his work called Historical Principles in the Science of Geography; He determined the subject of human geography by putting forward the thesis that human geography examines the relations between human and environment. He is regarded as the founder of scientific geography, together with the geographer Alexander von Humboldt, and is also one of the founders of the Berlin Geographical Society.