Who is Charles Hartshorne?June 25, 2021
Charles HartshoCharles Hartshorne, born in Pennsylvania in 1897, is an American philosopher, theologian, and educator considered one of the most influential proponents of “process philosophy”, which considers God as a participant in cosmic evolution.
Completing his undergraduate education at Harvard University, where he also received his doctorate in philosophy in 1923, Hartshorne later studied in Germany, the country where he met Martin Heidegger and Edmund Husserl. After his education in Germany, he returned to the United States to teach at Harvard. A successful educator, he has taught philosophy at the Universities of Chicago, Emory and Texas. He has also served as president of the American Philosophical Society and the Metaphysical Society of America.
Hartshorne’s work was shaped by his friend and mentor, Whitehead. Hartshorne adapted Whitehead’s so-called “process theology” into “Panentheism” (dialectical theism) with a creative interpretation of metaphysics. In Hartshorne’s philosophy, God’s perfection is seen in the evolution and creativity of living things, and God is considered bidirectional, both free and unfree, conscious and unconscious, eternal and temporal. He did not consider God as a strictly immutable being, but as a being who intervenes in people in an ongoing process.
The subject of a volume in the Library of Philosophers of Life series, Hartshorne has written many books during his long and distinguished career. His major works include Beyond Humanism (1937), Divine Relativity (1948), Reality as a Social Process (1953), The Logic of Perfection (1962), From Aquinas to Whitehead: The Metaphysics of Religion for the Seven Centuries (1976), Non-Universe and Other Theological Errors ( 1983) and Creativity in American Philosophy (1984). His autobiography, The Darkness and Light, was published in 1990.
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Omer YILDIRIM’s Personal Lecture Notes. Atatürk University Sociology Department 1st Year “Introduction to Philosophy” and 2nd, 3rd, 4th Grade “History of Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Who is Open Education Philosophy Textbook?