Who is Charles Wright Mills?June 25, 2021
Charles Wright C. Wright Mills was an American sociologist who lived from August 28, 1916 to March 20, 1962.
C. Wright Mills was born in Texas, USA in 1916, to an insurance broker father and a homemaker mother. He was educated at the Universities of Texas and Wisconsin and taught at the Universities of Maryland and Columbia.
Among Mills’ most important works are White Collar: The American Middle Classes (1951), Character and Social Structure (1953), co-authored with Hans Gerth, The Power Elite (1956). Power Elite) and 1959’s The Sociological Imagination or The Sociological Imagination, Listen Yankee: Revolution in Cuba (1960) and Marxists (1962). Mills died in 1962.
He is a US dissident sociologist with a reformist and comparative (comparative) – historical (excluded after 1950s) perspective. He was able to successfully establish the social order connection with a conflicting perspective. Didn’t vote. He opposed positivism and looked at sociology more humanist.
He was very influenced by Marx and Weber; He borrowed the concept of “alienation” from Marx; His thoughts and perspective also fit well with the confrontational perspectives of Coser and Dahrendorf. “Power” and “Power” are among the most important concepts; however, as the final form, it is more about “decision making and power structure” rather than force-based power.
He is a theorist who never ignores social psychological principles, but knows how to connect them to sociological concerns about structure; -he was also imprisoned for prostitution at an unknown date – what he articulates is social psychology. According to Poloma, Mills; He criticized the great theorists (“grand theorists”), calling for “sociological design” (social imagination, imagination, think/sociological imagination). Three elements appear to be central to Mills’ sociological theory, which the grand theory perspective lacks:
The important place that ideas have in human history
The nature of power and its relation to knowledge
The meaning of moral action and the place of knowledge in moral action
Sociological imagination seeks answers to 3 important questions:
How do things become exemplary in a particular society?
What is the position of this society in human history? (It brings a historicist alternative to Parsons, with its emphasis on historicism.)
What type of people does this society produce?
According to Mills, the sociological design (imagination) he invoked should be a blend of macroscopic and molecular (microscopic) perspectives:
Macroscopic: It is a perspective whose purpose is to reveal certain types of historical phenomena and to relate these phenomena types to institutions that are systematically connected to each other; The work of Weber, Marx, Simmel, and Mannheim exemplifies purely macroscopic avenues of research.
Microscopic: Expresses (characterizes) small-scale problems and statistical models used in verification (testing). According to Mills; “As our problems and work become more politically and socially important, our solutions become less rigorous and our knowledge less precise.” The solution to this dilemma is; It is to oscillate between these two methods: This provides the opportunity to work in detail at the macroscopic level in order to collect enough demonstrative data at the microscopic level while working in large scale.
According to Mills, a sociologist who is interested in a meaningful sociological theory and uses history and biology as data sources; It has “sociological design”. Such sociologists are interested in meaningful sociological theory and blend it with a good knowledge of history and biology and the ability to use it. In other words, while the sociologist seeks solutions at the macro level, he tries to collect descriptive and complementary data at the micro level. At this point, he criticizes functionalist sociology (functionalism), over Talcott Parsons, for “not collecting enough data to confirm his theory”. He states that naturalistic sociology is eager to apply the laws of physics to sociology (“They set out to do with society and history what physicists believed they did with regard to nature”): Mills’ theory, on the other hand, is an evaluative and humanistic theory. Gerth and Mills; They say that men and women are unique creatures because of the different positioning of their biological organisms and physical structures and the person who plays a role in each personality structure.
According to Mills, people are, by nature, behaviorally irrational. That’s why women and men; They tend to have irrational, emotional responses to impulses, political slogans, and status symbols. Exposing this irrationality should be the task of sociology. With this display, all people will be less inclined to react irrationally (which is why Mills has written articles on power and politics, “White Collar” and “The Power Elite”). social scientists, so