Who is Christian Thomasius?June 25, 2021
Christian ThomaChristian Thomasius was a German lawyer and philosopher who lived from 1655 to 1728.
Christian Thomasius is a cult that advocates the independent use of reason, free from prejudices, and opposes scholastic philosophy and superstition.
Thomasius’ early work was directed at separating the laws of nature from theology. Influenced by Pietism, he doubts the guidance of reason in life, so he tends towards a metaphysics that escapes spiritualism.
He is a defender of an empiricism in which the influence of Locke and Aristotle is felt. Although all knowledge has its roots in experience, the mind has concepts of ideas stimulated by experience. Knowledge from experience is probable, while knowledge based on the concepts of the mind is certain and universal.
Everything in the world is a living being with a purpose. However, man does not live only in accordance with the purpose, his will directs his life. All ethical values are based on will. Man is obliged to obey the will of God. However, the concept of God does not explain to man what his responsibilities are, so it is his own mind that will guide man in law and ethics. As a typical enlightener, he believes that knowledge is available to everyone and that the truth can be learned.
He was one of the leaders of those who tried to make German the language of philosophy, and for this reason, he was expelled from the university in 1687 for trying to give his lectures in German at the University of Leipzig.
According to Thomasius, knowledge is useful to the extent that it illuminates. He thinks that the use of a foreign language to the public is in front of the information being open, so he writes in German, not Latin or French, as was the fashion at the time.
His work is the Monatsgespräche (Monthly Guest) published in German, which contains Germany’s first popular book reviews.
Thomasius’ followers were: Franz Budde (1667-1729), Joachim Lange (1670-1744), Andreas Rüdiger (1673-1731), Adolf Friedrich Hoffmann (1707-1741) and Christian August Crusius (1715-1775).
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer Yıldırımsius Who?