Who is Confucius?

Who is Confucius?

June 25, 2021 Off By Felso

Confucius is one of the most famous philosophers of the Far East.

Confucius’ BC 551 BC to BC He is thought to have lived between 479 BC, during the Eastern Zhou Dynasty in China. There are various narrations and narrations about his ancestry and youth in the sources. According to a rumor, he came from a poor but respected aristocratic family. He lost his father when he was only three years old. He learned to write from his mother, who was a member of a wise family, and was sent to his grandfather when he was thirteen. After receiving special education from his grandfather for six years, he was called “six ingenuity” (art-skill); He learned customs (historical traditions and customs), music, bow and arrow, driving, writing and calculation.

He was born under the name Kong Qiu (Wade-Giles: K’ung Ch’iu) in Qufu city of Lu state (present-day Shandong province) and died in the same city.

China, BC. It enjoyed a period of great cultural change from 700 to 220, and the school developed by the philosophers that emerged during this period was called the “Hundred School of Thought”. Confucius, like other philosophers of the age, was looking for changes in the world of change and focused on the idea that this change should be moral.

Confucius was conservative by nature. He had great respect for rituals and ancestor worship. During his lifetime, China had a strict social hierarchy. But Confucius was a member of a new class of scholars advising the court, those who acquired their status by merit, not by inheritance. Here Confucius developed his understanding of moral philosophy by blending this meritocratic system with his old ideas.

Although Confucius was originally a statesman, he was seen as one of the greatest teachers of all time and gathered a large number of people because of the advice he gave and his deep understanding of the way people lived and worked together. Even then, China gave the appearance of a political and social order with a highly developed political culture. However, this rich culture was in turmoil during the time of Confucius. That’s why he tried to determine and reveal the way to a harmonious society with the teachings of Confucius.

At this time, the Chinese world consisted of a total of fourteen dynasties under the Zhou dynasty. In such political conditions, where everyone knew that the only alternative to the unity of the empire was disaster and destruction, Confucius struggled to develop and strengthen the philosophical foundations of that unity. Indeed, the foundation of Chinese culture was the family. However, the family destroyed by the power politics and the eroded “traditional family values” came under real threat towards the end of the 500s. That’s why Confucius’ philosophy was only concerned with social and political issues, issues such as right and just administration, family and community values. Confucius really talked about harmonious relations, leadership and statesmanship; He talked about questioning oneself, transforming oneself, inspiring others, and the efforts one must make to be a virtuous person. Therefore, the philosophy tradition that he established has made virtue the most important issue while bringing solutions to the problem of raising a person who knows how to make order prevail in a state. Because to rule others means to rule oneself first, and virtue, in his eyes, is a set of inner qualities that a person who wants to be virtuous should always develop more.

Confucius’ main concern was the “superior man” and the “well-ordered” society. Until his time, the ideal man was someone who defined the aristocrat; whereas Confucius is in a radical break with the past, an entirely new ideal; He set forth the ideal of the supreme human being who is wise, strong and brave, motivated not by the sense of self-interest, but by righteousness and justice, who knows the Way or Tao, and loves people. This notion of the superior human being has remained unchanged, as it has always been in the Confucian tradition.

That is, those who do not deal with abstract issues and metaphysical problems and do not develop theories about spiritual beings; One of his students asked the question about serving spiritual beings or gods and death, “How can spiritual beings be served when they are not in a position to serve human beings? How can we know about death when we do not know about life?” Confucius, however, did not explain how it is possible to be a superhuman. He seems to imply that people are similar in nature to one another, but differ because of different practices or practices.

Indeed, Confucius, unlike the philosophers or sages in the West, was never interested in nature or the essence of things. Little did Confucius care about the ultimate nature of inhuman reality, it was in his mind that people knew it was real or imagined it.