Who is Dante Alighieri?June 25, 2021
Dante Alighieri KDante Alighieri (May-June 1265, Florence – September 14, 1321, Ravenna) was an Italian poet and politician.
His best-known work is The Divine Comedy (La Divina Commedia), in which he describes a journey to the Hereafter. This work consists of three volumes called Hell, Purgatory and Paradise. Considered one of the greatest works in the history of world literature, it also forms the basis of modern Italian.
He is an important figure for modern Europe and Italy, and the metal 2 €s in Italy have a picture of Dante on the up side.
Dante was born in 1265, he says he was born in June as a Gemini.
He used Dante, shortening his real name, Durante. Although Dante’s family was a well-established and noble family, it later fell into poverty and lost its aristocratic importance. Dante’s father There is not much information about Alighiero, his profession is not known, but there are various opinions about whether he is a notary public, judge or interest. II. Perhaps the only “certain” information about Alighiero is that he belonged to the Guelph party.
At that time the Ghibellinos ruled, and the Ghibellinos had exiled the Guelphs from the city. Dante’s father Alighiero II and his family resided in Florence, although Alighiero was from the Guelphs and was ruled by the Ghibellinos when Dante was born. Dante didn’t like his father, perhaps because of his father’s bad reputation or his obscure personality. He did not mention his father anywhere in his works, on the contrary, he talked about his grandfather Cacciaguida, who was knighted at every opportunity, and prided himself on the fact that his family descended from Rome. Dante lost his mother at a very young age. His father also died when he was eighteen years old, so Dante had to live with his stepmother (Monna Lapa) and stepbrothers.
Dante’s education is not well known and it is assumed that he developed himself. Dante is thought to have completed his primary education at the Santa Croce seminary. Although Dante could not (or did not) pursue higher education, he continued to study and work on his own. He had a great passion for learning, not only reading important Latin and Greek works, but also reading the works of Italian poets of the period, giving great importance to them. While improving his skills in writing, he was also improving himself in subjects such as astronomy, painting and philosophy. He did not miss the meetings organized by the important names of the period, and made friends with many important names. As an example of these people, we can give Guido Cavalcanti, the famous Florentine poet of the time.
The first name that comes to mind when Dante is mentioned is Beatrice (Turkish pronunciation: Beatris), to whom Dante is connected with an eternal love. Although little is known about Dante’s childhood and youth, it is known for certain that when the poet was nine years old, he fell in love with Beatrice, one year younger than him. He had met Beatrice, the daughter of Folco di Ricovero de’ Portinari, whose neighbors were knights from Florence, during a party at their neighbor’s house. From the first moment he met Dante, he was passionately attached to Beatrice. He was eighteen years old when he met Beatrice for the second time, after which his love for Beatrice deepened even more. His love for Beatrice would greatly influence his writing and his outlook on poetry; Perhaps it was his love for Beatrice that sowed the seeds of the Divine Comedy. Dante never mentioned his love to his lover, as in 1288 Beatrice married Simone dei Burdi, a Florentine knight. But Beatrice died just two years after her marriage, in 1290, at the age of twenty-four she. After Beatrice’s death, Dante clung more firmly to his studies and devoted himself to Latin literature and philosophy. Undoubtedly, Beatrice’s death was a great shock to Dante and greatly affected the writer’s writing life. The death of Beatrice at a very young age caused Dante to immortalize her, giving Beatrice a spiritual, immortal and divine appearance rather than a material, mortal and human appearance in her mind.
When Dante was only 12 years old, he was promised by his parents to Gemma di Manetto Donati. At the insistence of his family, he married Gemma, a member of the well-known Donati family of Florence, in 1295. He had two sons, Pietro and Jacapo, and a daughter, Antonia, with Gemma. It cannot be said that Dante and Gemma had a happy marriage. According to many sources, Dante was never happy in his marriage to Gemma. Still, Dante was a believer in the sanctity of marriage, and there is little evidence of his relationship with Gemma, nor does he mention it in his works.
After Dante was exiled, he never saw his wife again.
<b>Florence and the political situation of the period</b>
There were two main parties in Florence of the time: the Ghibellinos and the Guelphs. The Ghibellinos were supported by the emperor, defending the aristocracy; The Guelphs were supported by the pope. End