Who is Denis Diderot?June 25, 2021
Denis Diderot KiDenis Diderot (5 October 1713 – 31 July 1784) was a French writer and philosopher. Born in the town of Langres, in the French province of Champagne, Diderot was one of the most important figures of the Age of Enlightenment and editor-in-chief of the famous Encyclopedia (1772).
Under his leadership, although there were conflicts between countries in Western Europe during the Enlightenment, the flow of information enabled new intellectuals to be brought into society. Volumes 8-18 of the Encyclopedia were illegally published with the reaction of the church on the information in volumes 1-7, and his work titled Philosophical Thoughts was burned by the court decision.
Denis Diderot was born on October 5, 1713, in the town of Langres, in the province of Champagne, France. After a brilliant education in Paris, he entered the literary profession instead of taking over his father’s cutlery shop. He took an interest in every subject and showed that he was equally gifted in the novel, the theater and literary criticism. He became a journalist and art critic.
The main feature of Diderot, who also made many contributions in the field of literature, was the philosophical analysis of the novels as well as their form and content. Diderot, the pioneer of the Romanticism movement and a humanist; He rejected Christianity, which he saw as an industry under the control of wealthy churches, and was attacked by many extremists.
He is one of the most important personalities of the Age of Enlightenment. Denis Diderot is one of the most important thinkers who tried to make the Encyclopedia, which he said was “founded to change the common way of thinking”, into the basic text of the Enlightenment.
The main feature of Diderot, who also made many contributions in the field of literature, was his philosophical analysis of the novels as well as their form and content. Diderot, the pioneer of the romantic movement and the humanist; He rejected Christianity, which he saw as an industry under the control of wealthy churches, and was attacked by many extremists.
In addition to all these, Diderot brought many innovations in the field of theater, tried to bring reality and social problems to the stage, and was considered by some to be the pioneer of the rational and socialist branch of modern theatre.
In addition to all these, Diderot brought many innovations in the field of theater, tried to bring reality and social problems to the stage, and was considered by some to be the pioneer of the rational and socialist branch of modern theatre. Diderot does not have a philosophy teaching. The most enduring of his works are his novels, and especially “Rameau’s Nephew”. Diderot died in France in 1784 and was buried in the Church of Saint-Roche.
Denis Diderot, who was born in Langres, France in 1713, is one of the most prominent philosophers of the Enlightenment period. Diderot is a great philosopher who came to the fore with his personality, literary power and knowledge. His works contain an excellent style, stimulating ideas and intense humanism. This great man, who is the chief editor of the encyclopedia, completed his primary education at the Jesuit college in his native city. Diderot then went to Paris, where he probably attended Harcourt college. Diderot, who studied Literature at the University of Paris, met Rousseau in 1742.
In 1746, he became the editor of the encyclopedia with his friend, mathematician d’Alembert. The philosopher, who wrote many articles of the encyclopedia, cooperated with important figures of his time such as d’Alembert, d’Holbach and exchanged ideas with many scholars of his time. Among these people is David Hume. Diderot has written works with an extremely striking style and mastery. He produced very important works in the style of essays as well as in the style of philosophical dialogue and novel. The philosopher, who was prosecuted for his thoughts and whose works were repeatedly banned, continued to produce works with an indomitable will and energy until the end of his life and honored humanity.
Even after D’Alembert left the encyclopedia, he continued to compose this work without hesitation. Russian Tsarina Catherine II attached great importance to her and established contact with her. As a matter of fact, after Diderot’s death, the Tsarina received his library from Diderot’s daughter as a gift. He died in 1784, one year after the death of his friend and colleague d’Alembert.
Diderot produced remarkable and original works in many fields. The names of some of Diderot’s works, many of which have been translated into our language, are: <i>Letter on the Blind, Letter on the Deaf and Dumb, Philosophical Conversations, Contradictory Thoughts on Acting, Nun, Fatalist Jaques and His Master, Essay on Painting, Philosophical Thoughts , Rameau’s Nephew, The Bastard, Bougainville’s Travel.</i>
Diderot was especially involved with English philosophy and was influenced by philosophers such as Locke and Hume, and he processed and developed some of their ideas in line with his own understanding. French philosophers such as d’Holbach, Rousseau, Voltaire and Condillac were also influential in his thoughts. Diderot is also very fine with art.