Who is Dio Chrysostom?

Who is Dio Chrysostom?

June 25, 2021 Off By Felso

Dio Chrysostom Dio Chrysostom, Dion of Prusa or Dio Cocceianus, was a Greek orator, writer, philosopher and historian who lived in the Roman Empire in the 1st century AD.

Dion of Bursa or Dio Cocceianus, M.S. He was born in 40 and died in 120. In addition to eighty of his speeches, several of his letters, an entertaining essay in which he thanked Hair, and parts of his other works have survived to the present day.

His surname, Chrysostom, comes from the Greek word khrysostomos, meaning “gold-mouthed”. Not to be confused with Cassius Dio, another Roman historian, or John Chrysostom of Antioch, a 4th-century bishop. He was born in the Roman province of Bithynia, in the city of Prusa (now Bursa). As it turns out, his father, Pasicrates, was closely involved in the education of his son Dio. Although he was initially busy with rhetoric and sophistic practices in the place where he was born, where he assumed important duties, he later became interested in philosophy education with great enthusiasm.

It is known that during the reign of Vespasian (69-79), he went to Rome and got married there and had a child. He angered Emperor Domitian on the grounds that he was giving advice to one of the emperor’s arranging relatives, and he was again forbidden by the emperor to return to Rome and Prusa. He dressed in beggar’s clothes on the advice of the Delphic Oracles, and lived the rest of his life like cynical philosophers, traveling to countries in the north and south of the empire, even though he had nothing but copies of Plato’s Phaedo and Demosthenes’ Discourses on the Embassy. In this way, he visited Thrace, Misya, Scythia, Getea and was respected almost everywhere he went, thanks to the power and influence of his speeches.

Dio was a friend of Emperor Nerva, and when Domitian was killed in 96, Dio did not hesitate to use his influence over the Roman army at the front to favor Nerva. During Emperor Nerva’s reign, his exile ended and he was allowed to return to his home, Prusa (Bursa). For the rest of his life, he used the surname Cocceianus, given to him by the emperor, whose full name was Marcus Cocceius Nerva, in honor of his support. Nerva’s successor, Trajan, gave him the highest honor and described him as his favorite choice. this kindness of the emperor enabled him to meet people of the upper class such as Apollonius of Tyana and Euphrates of Tyre, and his speeches won the admiration of all these people. Dio rose to a prominent position in Prusa for the remainder of his life, and was mentioned in the city records in 111 in a lawsuit over the city’s reconstruction. He is thought to have died a few years later.

<b>Author:</b> Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
<b>Source:</b> Ömer YILDIRIM’s Personal Lecture Notes. Atatürk University Sociology Department 1st Year “Introduction to Philosophy” and 2nd, 3rd, 4th Grade “History of Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook Who is it?