Who is Diogenes (Diogenes)?June 25, 2021
Diogenes (Diyoj was born in Sinop.
Since his father was exiled from Sinop, he had to settle in Athens with his father. This Cynic philosopher, who became famous in history as Diogenes of Sinop (pronounced Diogenes), BC. He is said to have been born in 411 or 412. The real occupation of his father, who was exiled as a counterfeiter, is jewellery. However, because he loved money so much, he was engaged in counterfeiting.
Diogen could not find what he hoped for in Athens, he suffered a lot with his father and lived in misery. His life before he knew Hantishene was misery, in memories of days of hunger, disgrace and terrible tribulations; This person, who was friendless, friendless and unprotected, was so destitute that rats could envy him, and when he saw a rat running in search of food one day, he shouted: “Look, this animal knows how to enter the kitchen of Athenians, but I am unfortunate not to be able to sit at their table.” And from that moment on, he found the life of animals more suitable for nature and emulated their lives. Meanwhile, he heard Antishene’s call to live in accordance with nature and ran to him.
Diogene was an exile, the son of a man accused of a bad crime, repelled, tailed, insulted and insulted by everyone and everywhere; He has tasted all kinds of misery. He had a strong will, determination and courage. Moreover, he spoke very well, had a superior and brilliant intelligence. All this is enough to inculcate and educate this student of Antishene with his philosophy and teaching.
In his private life, there was nothing but poverty. Most of the time, he would walk around in his dirty and filthy clothes and in a dog-skin-like coat, and he would sleep at night under statues and on street corners. He had a ketchup, a barrel and a stick. The fact that he lived in a barrel surprised everyone, and to those who asked him questions, he said that he was a dog. He had a bowl other than his barrel, he didn’t use any other items. But one day, when he saw a child drinking water with his palm by a fountain, he threw the mug in his hand and threw away, saying that this child taught me that I have extra things.
Diogen was an extremely proud man and despised everyone. (!) He hated ordinary people and despised all of them so much that he wandered around the streets of Athens shouting “I’m looking for a man” one afternoon, with a lantern in his hand, so he wanted to tell that he had not seen a man in Athens. After all, he was a man respected in Athens, and even kings respected his knowledge, intelligence and personality. Alexander the Great, who came to Corinth, visited Diogen and asked if he had a wish. On the other hand, he answered this question, “Yes, there is no shadow, I do not want any other benevolence.”
On winter days he would walk barefoot on the snow, embrace frozen statues, and torture his body. Plato (Plato) called him Crazy Socrates (Socrates). He was the enemy of wealth and wealth, and he claimed that these were against virtue (the name of the qualities praised by morality, such as kindness, compassion, humility, bravery, righteousness, virtue). He had a nature that did not hesitate to touch the philosophy of the time (matter and life and their various manifestations such as the world, society, spirit, etc.) in terms of reason, principle and purpose, and the efficiency of this work. 2. View, system of thought – philosophy. He considered the term “servants of time” appropriate to the orators of the day, and called Plato’s teaching “don’t waste time”.
This famous Cynic philosopher, who spoke very well and was able to impress everyone with his superior intelligence, was respected despite all his strangeness and abnormal behavior and after his death, a column was erected in the name of the Corinthians and a statue was erected by the people of Sinop, keeping his name and memory alive.
Diogene, BC. He died in Corinth in 324.
Diogenes is a philosopher who is one of the pioneers of the Cynic lifestyle based on the principles of <i>self-sufficiency</i> and <i>simplicity</i>. He is from Sinop.
Taking a stance against traditionalism in Athens, Diogenes challenged the artifacts and conventional values in the society, and because he believed that any established rule was contrary to human nature, he wanted to oppose all the established rules of the society, to show that most of the conventional measures and beliefs were empty, and to put people in a simple and natural way. It aimed to call it a way of life. According to him, a simple lifestyle means ignoring the customs and laws of organized and therefore conventional societies, apart from simplicity.
Diogenes argued that the family, which is an unnatural institution, should be replaced by a natural state where women and men are not dependent on a single spouse, and children are the responsibility of the whole society.
Although Diogenes lived in poverty, slept in public and collected his food by begging, he did not advocate that everyone should live the same way. His sole purpose has been to show that one can be happy and independent, even in the most constrained life circumstances.
The first principle of the lifestyle advocated by Diogenes is <i>self-sufficiency</i>, that is, the principle that a person can carry everything necessary for happiness within himself.