Who is Edgar Morin (Edgar Nahoum)?June 25, 2021
Edgar Morin (Edgard is a French philosopher and sociologist of Sephardic origin. He is known for his interdisciplinary work that rejects the boundaries between academic disciplines.
He was born on 8 July 1921 in Paris as Edgar Nahoum. He was educated in Paris. II. He fought in the French Army in World War II with the rank of lieutenant. After the occupation of France, he took part in the French resistance movement and joined the Communist Party in 1941.
He married Violette Chapellaubeau in 1945 and settled in Landau with his wife to serve as military attaché in Germany. In 1946, he returned to Paris and left the military to continue his activities in the Communist Party. However, due to his critical stance, he started to fall out with the party and was expelled from the party after an article he wrote for “Le Nouvel Observateur” in 1951. He was admitted to the National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS) the same year.
He worked as a journalist in the 1950s. Between 1954-1962, he managed the journal Arguments, which he founded, and was the editor-in-chief of Communications. His first book, Autocritique, was published in 1959. He served as a researcher and department head at CNRS until 1989. He founded the Complex Thought Association. In 1960, he made the movie Chronique d’un été with Jean Rouch.
Man and Death (L’Homme et la Mort), which he wrote in 1948-1950, explores the connection and break point between biology and human science. Morin examines the same issue in his book “The Lost Paradigm” he wrote in 1973 and says: “…if our anthropology of death, which is based on prehistory, ethnology, history, sociology, child psychology, in short, psychology, wants to prove itself scientifically must find biological confirmation”. The “Lost Paradigm” is considered both as a turning point in human history and as a return to the starting point.
According to Morin, no science is immune to error, any knowledge is in itself susceptible to the danger of error and illusion. Rationalism is not the monopoly of the West. Western paradigms are discriminatory, dualistic and stigmatizing. For this, it is necessary to wait for the ambiguous, to avoid positioning it in the distorted paradigm when it emerges, and to reconsider the paradigm.
Morin argues that human history has developed with the conflict of progress and regression, innovation and destructiveness, and that sciences pull reality to different sides and destroy responsibility and solidarity. According to Morin, specialization has fragmented knowledge; As a result, philosophy has closed in on itself, and economics has become the most backward science in terms of humanity. Problems have been rendered unthinkable because of one-dimensionality, blind intelligence has rendered man unconscious and irresponsible, and one has become unable to see context, whole, multidimensionality, and complexity.
Morin says that the solution to this problem is anthropoetic. Information must put its position in context, “where are we?”, “where did we come from?”, “where are we going?” should seek answers to their questions.
Morin gives three principles of an ethic of understanding: (1) self-centeredness, ethnocentrism, thinking well against the negative effects of sociocentrism, (2) constantly learning, relearning, and (3) introspection and tolerance.
Morin also problematizes globalization. He says that today the diversity of cultures and globalization are extraordinary, but it is not clear whether globalization is unifying or disintegrating. He argues that modernity is dead and humanity is moving towards a multi-identity earth citizenship.
According to Morin, democracy is not a perfect system, it still has its own shortcomings. In addition, democracy has not yet been realized everywhere, totalitarian regimes still exist in the world, and only with thought reform, humanity politics, real humanism and World-Homeland consciousness can progress be made in this regard.
gar Nahoum) Who is he?