Who is Edwin Ray Guthrie?

Who is Edwin Ray Guthrie?

June 25, 2021 Off By Felso

Edwin Ray GuthrEdwin Ray Guthrie, who lived from January 9, 1886 to April 23, 1959, was an American psychologist who played an important role in the development of adjacent learning theory, one of the most classical interpretations of how learning happens.

Related topic: Adjacency theory

Guthrie studied at the University of Nebraska and the University of Pennsylvania and received his doctorate in symbolic logic in 1912. He joined the University of Washington in 1914. He also did most of his work on the psychology of learning here. He continued his work here until 1956.

Guthrie previously worked as a math teacher at different high schools for 5 years in Lincoln and Philadelphia. He joined Washington University as a lecturer in philosophy in 1914 and moved to the psychology department of the same school 5 years later. While rising to professorship in 1928, he developed the theory of learning with Stevenson Smith, who was then head of the psychology department in Washington.

Guthrie married Helen MacDonald of Berkeley, California, in June 1920. The two traveled a lot together, and in France, Guthrie met Pierre Janet, whose work he translated “Principles of Psychotherapy”. Janet’s writings had a great influence on Guthrie’s thinking. To Janet’s concepts, Guthrie added an objective theory of learning.

Guthrie, who served as president of the American Psychological Association in 1945, published a revision of “The Psychology of Learning” in 1952 and published “The State University: Its Function and its Future and Association by Contiguity” seven years later.

In 1958, Guthrie received the American Psychological Foundation Gold Medal.

Edwin Guthrie died of a heart attack in Seattle, Washington, on April 23, 1959, at the age of 73.

Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer Yıldırım

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