Who is Erich Fromm?June 25, 2021
Erich Fromm KiErich Fromm (March 23, 1900, Frankfurt – March 18, 1980) was a German-born Jewish-American psychoanalyst and sociologist. He is one of the most important representatives of the Marxist-Socialist and humanistic approach to psychology.
He studied sociology and psychoanalysis at Heidelberg and Munich Universities. He completed his doctoral studies at Heidelberg University in 1922. After further studies in psychiatry and psychology in Munich, he studied at the Berlin Institute of Psychoanalysis and graduated in 1931.
In the early 30s, he settled in Geneva, Switzerland, due to the strengthening of the Nazi movement in Germany. In 1933, he went to the United States upon an invitation from the Chicago Psychoanalytic Institute. In 1934 he moved to New York with the Frankfurt Institute for Social Research, where he served as an expert until 1938. He continued his private studies and worked as a lecturer at Columbia University.
In 1946, he co-founded the William Alonson White Institute for Psychiatry, Psychoanalysis, and Psychology. He worked as a lecturer at Yale University, New York University Bennington College, Michigan State University.
In 1949 he accepted a professorship from the National Autonomous University of Mexico and established the psychoanalysis branch in the graduate department of the medical school, where he worked until his retirement in 1965.
He died in Switzerland in 1980, during his retirement years.
Adopting a Marxist and socialist, humanistic worldview, Fromm rejected western capitalism and Soviet communism.
His contributions to the biophilia hypothesis provided the basis for research in evolutionary psychology.
Erich Fromm’s work has been translated into many languages.
He argues that libido is shaped in society. Libido is of the opinion that it runs in families. In a way, this can be called culture. For example, the capitalist spirit in capitalist society is the libido that sustains capitalism.
Fromm’s libido corresponds to Marx’s concept of passion.
While explaining the concept of alienation, Fromm talks about the effect of capitalism. Mental labor and material labor prevent personality development. Work goes beyond the person, determines the person. Consumption mentality eliminates personal differences.
The concept of self is used instead of the concept of self. This is the use of ego instead of self concept. The concept of the self expresses an identity, and the word “I have” means I have what is outside.
– Escape from Freedom (1941)
– A Study of the Psychology of the Self-Defensive Man / Moral Philosophy (1947)
– Spirit Analysis and Religion (1950)
– Forgotten Language (1951)
– Healthy Society (1955)
– The Art of Loving (1956)
– The Personality and Influence of Sigmund Freud (1959)
– Let the Man Win: A Socialist Manifesto and Program 1960
– Zen Buddhism and Spiritual Analysis – D.T. With Suzuki and Richard de Martino (1960)
– Marx’s Understanding of Man (1961)
– A New Man, A New Society (Beyond Chains of Illusions) A Comparison of Marx and Freud (1962)
– The Source of Love and Violence (1964)
– You Will Be Like The Gods (1966)
– Hope Revolution (1968)
– Social Character in the Mexican Village – with Michael Maccoby (1970)
– The Crisis of Psychoanalysis: Freud’s Essays, Marx and the Social Psychology (1970)
– The Origins of Human Destructiveness (1973)
– To Have or To Be? (1976)?