Who is Erik Erikson?June 25, 2021
Erik Erikson KimErik Erikson (June 15, 1902 – May 12, 1994) was an American psychologist of Danish and German descent.
He is best known for his work in developmental psychology and psychoanalysis, particularly his theory of human social development. He is the first psychologist to use the concept of “identity crisis”.
He is the son of a Danish mother in Frankfurt. He was born out of wedlock and was brought up as a Jew after his mother’s marriage to a Jewish businessman. His family hid this situation from him for a long time, and it is often claimed that this event prompted him to reflect and explore identity.
In Vienna, he met Sigmund Freud’s daughter, Anna Freud, and had her undergo psychoanalysis. Based on his experience, he decided to take a psychoanalysis training. When he completed his education in 1933, the Nazis were coming to power. Thereupon, he immigrated with his wife first to Denmark and then to the United States. He settled in Boston and held academic and administrative positions at many institutions, including Yale and Harvard universities.
Also please see:
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Ömer YILDIRIM’s Personal Lecture Notes. Atatürk University Sociology Department 1st Year “Introduction to Philosophy” and 2nd, 3rd, 4th Grade “History of Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook; Translation: Is Tuba Yildirim?