Who is Ernst von Aster?

Who is Ernst von Aster?

June 25, 2021 Off By Felso

Ernst von Aster is a German philosopher.

Ernst Von Aster was born on February 18, 1880 in Berlin, Germany, and died on October 21, 1948 in Stockholm, Switzerland.

Aster attended primary school in Berlin and graduated from the Berlin Askanisches Gymnasium with his baccalaureate in April 1898. He completed his higher education at the University of Munich and the University of Berlin. Having completed his doctorate on May 15, 1902, Prof. von Aster; He was fluent in Greek, Latin, German, French, English and Swedish.

In the petition written by the Deputy Dean of the Faculty of Letters of Istanbul University, İbrahim Hakkı Bey, to the Rectorate of Istanbul University on July 9, 1936, it was stated that there was a shortage of professors in the Department of Philosophy, especially in the Department of Philosophy. Thereupon, two candidate lecturers from abroad were proposed to the chair of the History of Philosophy. One of them was Cassirer and the other was Von Aster. However, when Cassirer signs a 4-year deal with the University of Gothenburg, Von Aster is contacted directly. As a result of the correspondence, Von Aster stated in a telegram he sent to the Rectorate on September 1, 1936, that he wanted to come in principle. On September 27, 1936, he announced that he would definitely come. On October 24, 1936, he started to work in the Ordinary of the Faculty of Literature, Department of History of Philosophy.

Von Aster, who worked for many years at the Faculty of Letters of Istanbul University, died on October 21, 1948 in Sweden, where he went on leave.

Aster is one of the founders of the journal named Philosophy Archive, which is published by Istanbul University twice a year, in summer and winter terms. During his 12 years in Turkey, he has been an unforgettable example of young Turkish philosophy, not only as a teacher and thinker, but also as a good person. So much so that Aster not only remained affiliated with the Faculty of Letters of Istanbul University during his stay in Turkey, but also lectured and held sessions at the law and economics faculties of the university.

Aster has been described by those who knew him as a quick-witted, playful, elegant, honest, moral and extremely pleasant person.

In the preface to his work “Philosophy of the Present”, he expressed how he understood philosophy: “True philosophy is a conversation, a question and an answer, a doubt whose answer always seeks to seize and refute its deepest point.”

Born in 1880, Aster met philosophy at the University of Munich at the beginning of the 20th century. These years are the period when the vacuum left behind by the German idealism philosophy, which was destroyed in the middle of the 19th century, when philosophy regained its prestige, began to be filled again.

While teaching the subject of “Values” in his classes, Aster emphasized that values ​​do not have a separate existence, that they are adjectives added to objects by people, that there is no such thing as “beautiful”, that there is a “beautiful picture” or “beautiful landscape”.

The center of gravity of Aster’s work is the history of philosophy. For him, the history of philosophy is not something that can be excluded from real philosophy, as some people think today. On the contrary, the history of philosophy is within philosophy.

Personality of Ernst von Aster

Aster’s theory of knowledge, what is his understanding of knowledge? Who is he?