Who is Frantz Fanon?June 25, 2021
Frantz Fanon Ki (July 20, 1925 – December 6, 1961) was a French philosopher.
Fanon was born in 1925 on the Caribbean island of Martinique, which was then a French colony. He left Martinique to fight independent French forces in World War II and thereafter studied medicine and psychiatry in Lyon, France. He also attended both literature classes and philosophy classes given by Merleau-Ponty.
Fanon, who described himself as a complete Frenchman in his youth, was extremely surprised by the racist attitudes he saw when he first came to France. This played an important role in shaping his philosophy. Fanon received the title of Psychiatrist in 1951 and wrote his book “Black Skin White Mask”.
Fanon moved to Algeria in 1953, where he continued to work as a psychiatrist in a hospital. After hearing stories from his patients who were tortured during the Algerian War of Independence in this hospital where he worked for two years, he resigned from his job paid by the state and immigrated to Tunisia. He continued to work for the independence movement of Algeria in Tunisia. Fanon, who had leukemia in the late 1950s, wrote his last book, “Curses of the Earth”, during his illness. This book was published with a foreword by Jean-Paul Sartre.
– Fanon’s anti-colonialism and sense of independence
– Fanon and human rights
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Omer YILDIRIM’s Personal Lecture Notes. Atatürk University Sociology Department 1st Year “Introduction to Philosophy” and 2nd, 3rd, 4th Grade “History of Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Is it my Open Education Philosophy Textbook?