Who is Frederick Taylor?June 25, 2021
Frederick Taylor, or Frederick Winslow Taylor, was an American inventor and engineer who lived between March 20, 1856 and March 21, 1915 and is known as the founding father of scientific management.
The industrial management system known as Taylorism greatly influenced the development of industrial engineering and production management worldwide.
Taylor was the son of a lawyer. He entered Phillips Exeter Academy in New Hampshire in 1872. After passing the Harvard University entrance exam, he had to abandon his university entrance plans, as his eyesight was impaired by his frequent night work.
Phillips Exeter Academy
Frederick Taylor regained his sight in 1875 and apprenticed at Enterprise Hydraulic Works in Philadelphia to learn the trades of mold making and machinist. Three years later he joined the Midvale Steel Company, where he began working as a machine shop worker, becoming a clerk, machinist, group leader, foreman, maintenance foreman, head of the drawing office, and chief engineer.
In 1881, at the age of 25, he took a job as a productivity improvement specialist at the Midvale factory. The productivity improvement profession was founded on the success of a project that also formed the basis of Taylor’s later management science theories.
Essentially, Taylor suggested that production efficiency in a shop or factory could be greatly increased by closely observing workers and eliminating wasted time and movement in their operations.
Although the Taylor system caused reaction and opposition from the elements of labor when taken to extremes, its value in rationalizing production became indisputable and its impact on the development of mass production techniques was enormous.
The Works of Frederick Taylor
Taylor was a mechanical engineer who aimed to increase industrial efficiency. He is known as the founder of Scientific Management and one of the pioneers of Industrial Engineering.
He became famous in the field of business management with his article “The Principles of Scientific Management” published in 1911. Along with the many important principles he stated in this last work, all of his ideas are called “Taylorism”.
Taylor’s article The Principles of Scientific Management includes three parts: Introduction, Part 1: Principles of Scientific Management, Part 2: Principles of Scientific Management. Who?