Who is Friedrich Schiller?June 25, 2021
Johann Christoph Friedrich Schiller (November 10, 1759 – May 9, 1805) is one of the most prominent figures of the German classical age, alongside Goethe, an important thinker, poet, playwright and historian of the Romantic philosophy movement that emerged in Germany in the first half of the 19th century.
Schiller’s plays are included in the standard repertoire of German theatre, and his ballads are among the most popular German poems.
Schiller, who gained a well-deserved reputation especially with his views on art and education, attempted to reveal a whole history of Western culture with his work, Letters on the Aesthetic Education of Man, published in 1795. It is within the framework of this essay that he has the honor of being one of the first thinkers to diagnose division and alienation in modern man. Schiller thought that the cure for division and alienation in modern man was art.
He says that there are two basic drives in man. The first is the sensory drive, which always pushes for change, and the other is the formal drive, which seeks unity and continuity. According to Schiller, the desired harmony between these two can be achieved through a third impulse. This is the game drive. The game impulse in question emerges in art, according to the philosopher. According to him, the sensory impulse and the formal impulse come together only in the game of art, and while people contemplate beauty, the soul can create a happy environment between moral law on the one hand and physical necessity on the other.
Friedrich Schiller was born in 1759 in the Neckar. Schiller, who started to study at the Latin school, started to write his plays called Christians and Absalon.
He was enrolled in the military academy because his family wanted him to study at the military academy. Meanwhile, he started to study law. He could not stand the discipline of this school any longer and transferred to the medical department. He passed the medical exam and asked to resign from this department.
After Friedrich Schiller resigned from medicine, he finished the theater play Bandits. This work, which carries the spirit of the period in which it was written, was met with great admiration by the young audience.
The royal forbade this play to be staged. Despite this, Schiller played this game with his friends and was sentenced to 14 days in prison by the King.
Friedrich Schiller was banned from writing poetry and plays. The young crowd was very angry at this decision. In time, they started to form the Bandits Gang.
Unable to withstand the ban on poetry and theater any longer, he flees to Mannheim. Here he continues to write and publish his works.
When he got into economic trouble, he started working as a Professor of History at the University of Jena and taught War history for 30 years. It even causes student flows whose first lessons go beyond the lecture halls.
He proved himself to be the best playwright in Germany with his trilogy called Wallenstein. He received the title of nobility.
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer Yıldırım