Who is Friedrich von Schlegel?June 25, 2021
Friedrich von ScFriedrich von Schlegel, who lived from March 10, 1772 to January 12, 1829, was a German writer and critic, creator of many philosophical ideas that inspired the early German Romantic movement.
In his open and provocative work “Aperçus ve Fragmente”, he made a deep impact on the understanding of universal, historical and comparative literature by revealing a rich memory of projects and theories.
Schlegel was the nephew of the writer Johann Elias Schlegel. He studied in Göttingen and Leipzig. He believed that learning Greek philosophy and Greek culture was indispensable for those studying. According to Fichte’s philosophy of love, he developed his understanding of the romantic; embellished the poem with both philosophical and mythological elements.
Schlegel was a lecturer at the University of Jena in 1801, and in 1802 he went to Paris with Dorothea Veit, the eldest daughter of Moses Mendelssohn. He married her in 1804. He studied Sanskrit in Paris, published “Über die Sprache und Weisheit der Indier” (1808). This work was the first attempt at comparative Indo-Germanic linguistics and the starting point for studies of Indian languages and comparative philology.
In 1808 he and his wife combined the concept of romance with the ideas of medieval Christianity.
He became the ideological spokesman for the anti-Napoleonic movement for German liberation, served as chancellor of Vienna (1809) and helped write the Address to the German people, published by Archduke Charles.
He was the editor of two periodicals on art, Europa and Deutsches Museum; In 1820, he became editor of the right-wing Catholic newspaper Concordia, whose attack on beliefs he had previously cherished led to a conflict with his brother.
Two series of lectures that Schlegel gave in Vienna between 1810 and 1812 (Über die neuere Geschichte, 1811; A Course of Lectures on Modern History, 1849 and Geschichte der alten und neueren Literatur, 1815; Lectures on the History of Literatur, 1818) ) gave birth to the concept of the “New Middle Ages”.
His collected works were first published in 10 volumes in 1822–25, and in 1846 it was published in 15 volumes. His correspondence with his brother was published in 1890, and his correspondence with Dorothea (1926) was edited by J. Körner.
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer Yıldırımhlegel Who is he?