Who is Galen (Galenos)?

Who is Galen (Galenos)?

June 25, 2021 Off By Felso

Galen (129 – 201) was one of the most important physicians of Ancient Rome. Claude Galen or Galen of Pergamum; It is known as Galenos in Greek, Galenus in Latin [1] Also known as Calinus in the Islamic world.

He received his primary education from his father, Nikon, who was an architect. He was born in Bergama (Pergamon), which is in Turkey today, and lived in Rome for many years. While his father was giving mostly geometric and arithmetic lessons, Galenos was directed to study logic and medicine at the same time. For this, he went to Bergama, İzmir, Corinthos and Alexandria to study medicine. During his education, he met the Aristotelian school and philosophers on the Aristotelian island of Lesbos. He then returned to Bergama.

Summoned by Lucius Verus and Marcus Aurelius for a military operation in northern Italy. After Lucius Verus’ sudden death in 169, Galen returned to Rome and served as a physicist for Marcus Aurelius and later emperors Commodus and Septimus Severus. Meanwhile, while giving lectures on medicine and philosophy, he wrote works on these fields. However, in the fire that broke out in Rome, most of the books belonging to people, including philosophers such as Aristotle, and their own works were burned. He was the surgeon of the gladiators in Rome, then became a physician to the imperial palace. Besides therapeutic studies, he was interested in anatomy, physiology, pharmacology, and also philosophy. Galen, who had full command of the medical science of the time, reorganized this branch of science according to the original principles. Galen gained his reputation especially for his research method. According to Galen, analysis is the basis for studying and curing diseases.

On the other hand, the thoughts that took shape in the mind of Galen, who also dealt with philosophy, were compatible with the newly emerging Christianity. For this reason, Galen’s scientific research and theses were accepted by the mosque. About 100 of Galen’s 400 written works have reached today, and it spread rapidly because it was taken under the protection of the church. After his death, he left behind many works that were accepted as reference books for a long period of time. The number of works he left is estimated to be four hundred. He first started to obtain drugs from drugs, so he is considered the father of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Technology.